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Golden Gate Park
San Francisco CA
94118
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Daily

9:30 am – 5:00 pm

Sunday

11:00 am – 5:00 pm
Members' Hours:

Tuesday

8:30 – 9:30 am

Sunday

10:00 – 11:00 am
Closures
Notices

The Academy will be closed on Thanksgiving and Christmas Day.

The Academy will be closing at 3:00 pm on 4/24. We apologize for any inconvenience.

Expedition to Anilao, Philippines 

May 21, 2010

Day Five

Today we headed off to one of our favorite dive sites, Devil’s Point. This site is known for the profusion of soft corals, and being close to a deepwater passage, you have the chance to see some larger fishes. The site is a pinnacle of rock jutting straight out of the ocean and is covered with a profusion of soft corals. While diving here several years ago, Academy researcher and soft coral taxonomist Dr. Gary Williams commented that in 10 minutes he saw more species of soft coral than in 10 years of diving elsewhere! Sarcophyton, Lobophytum, Sinularia, Xenia, Cespitularia, Clavularia, Dendronephthya, Lemnalia, Paralemnalia, Tubipora, Briareum etc cover every square inch, not to mention gorgonians, sponges, tunicates, fanworms, nudibranchs, hydroids … list is almost endless. In fact, this is such an outstanding site that we decided to spend the day there since it is the further dive spot from the resort and it doesn’t get much better than Devil’s Point! This is also an area with a profusion of fish as well, we saw our own Mr. B’s cousin, an adult emperor angelfish, Pomacanthus emperator, as well as several large schools of fusilers and a large school of big eye jack, Caranx sexfasciatus. The most exciting encounter was a small hawksbill turtle, Eretmochelys imbricata, that we saw all to briefly.

Leather Coral, Sarcophyton sp.

sarco

Cespitularia sp.

cespit

Clavularia sp.

clavularia

Dendronephthya sp.

dendro

Common clownfish, Amphiprion ocellaris

nemo

Emperor angelfish, Pomacanthus imperator.

mrb


Filed under: Research — anilao @ 7:51 am

May 17, 2010

Collecting Begins

Today marked the first day of collecting for the aquarists as we began looking for colorful, unique specimens of coral. When we collect we look for small pieces that may have broken off of a nearby larger colony or for small pieces attached to loose rubble. This allows use to collect specimens without damaging entire colonies. In the case of branching corals such as Acropora, Porites, Seriatopora etc. we may also use small pliers to gently break off small side branches. These cut areas quickly heal and begin to grow again, sometimes spouting two or more new branches where there was once one. Reproduction by fragmentation is a natural occurrence in these species and they have evolved to quickly regrow damaged areas. The fragments thus generated also quickly grow once they attach to a suitable substrate. Using this natural ability to quickly heal and grow allows aquarists to easily propagate corals in this manner.

The first site we visited was Aphol’s Rock, where there is a wide array of corals and fishes. The current was strong that day, which made collecting difficult but we still managed to collect over 40 small pieces of coral. The second dive was at a location known as Bethlehem, with a reef slope that extends down to about 70 feet. Here we observed, photographed and made videos of the fish population and reef structure for future exhibit ideas. We also found our very first Weedy Scorpionfish, Rhinopias frondosa!

Cardinalfish, Apogon sp.
cardinal

Black Cap Jawfish,Opistognathus sp.
jawfish

Dragonet, Synchiropus sp.
dragonet

Weedy Scorpionfish, Rhinopias frondosa
rhinopias

Once we collect our corals its back to home base where we then begin the process of attaching the coral fragments to small plastic plugs using a fast drying non-toxic glue. These plugs are then placed into a plastic grid material, which is turn placed inside a small holding cage which we then sink off the resort in about 10 feet of water until we are ready to ship them back to San Francisco.

One dive worth of specimens
_mg_8120

First the glue is added to the plug …
_mg_8122

… then the coral fragment is inserted and the glue is allowed to dry.
_mg_8123

Happy fragments waiting to be placed in the ocean!
_mg_8124

Next up are a few more dives including a night dive and an update on our coral “nursery”. Stay tuned!


Filed under: Collection,Research — anilao @ 8:48 pm

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