55 Music Concourse Dr.
Golden Gate Park
San Francisco CA
94118
415.379.8000
Regular Hours:

Daily

9:30 am – 5:00 pm

Sunday

11:00 am – 5:00 pm
Members' Hours:

Tuesday

8:30 – 9:30 am

Sunday

10:00 – 11:00 am
Closures
Notices

The Academy will be closed on Thanksgiving and Christmas Day.

The Academy will be closing at 3:00 pm on 4/24. We apologize for any inconvenience.

Selected Publications: Dr. Brian Fisher 

Selected Grants

  • MacArthur Foundation: Technological innovations for conserving biodiversity and planning for climate change in Madagascar: Support for the Réseau de la Biodiversité de Madagascar (REBIOMA) (with Claire Kremen (PI), UCB) 2007-2009.
  • NSF Tree of life: Collaborative research on ant phylogeny: a comprehensive evolutionary tree for the world's premier social organisms. (with Phil Ward (PI) Sean Brady, Ted Schultz) 2004-2009.
  • National Geographic. Biogeography and conservation of ants in Madagascar. 2004-2006
  • NSF Biotic Surveys and Inventories: Madagascar Ant Diversity Initiative (MANDI) (with Co-PI: Phil Ward) 2004-2007.
  • McBean Family Foundation, Conservation Training in Madagascar 2002-2003
  • National Science Foundation, Biotic Surveys and Inventories: Terrestrial Arthropod Inventory of Madagascar (with Co-PI C. Griswold) 2000-2003.
  • National Science Foundation, Systematics Program, Systematics, phylogeny, and biogeography of Amblyoponini: A putative early lineage of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) (with Co-PI D. Girman) 2000-2003.
  • National Science Foundation, International Program: Ant Diversity and Conservation Assessment in South Africa 2000-2003.
  • National Science Foundation Postdoctoral Fellow Supplement, 1997-1999
  • American Museum of Natural History Collection Study Grant, 1997
  • National Science Foundation Postdoctoral Fellow Award, 1996-1998
  • World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF) Science Grant, 1994-1996, 2000
  • National Science Foundation Dissertation Enhancement, 1994-1996
  • National Geographic Society Grant, 1994-1996

Research Interest

  • Large-scale discovery of new taxa, processing of specimens, and the analysis of diversity and distribution patterns of ants in poorly known areas of Africa and Madagascar.
  • Species-level taxonomic revisions.
  • Understanding the origin, and evolution of the higher classification of ants using morphological and molecular data.
  • Biogeography and applying diversity patterns to land management and conservation priority setting.
  • Fisher, B.L., and Cover, Stefan, 2007. Ants of North America: A Guide to the Genera. UC Press, 308 pages.
  • Fisher, B.L. and B. Bolton. 2007. The ant genus Pseudaphomomyrmex Wheeler, 1920 a junior synonym of Tapinoma Foerster, 1850. Zootaxa 1427: 65-68.
  • Molet, M. C. Peeters, B. L. Fisher. 2007. Permanent loss of wings in queens of the ant Odontomachus coquereli from Madagascar. Insectes Sociaux 54: 174-182 DOI 10.1007/s00040-007-0930-0.
  • Fisher, B. L. 2007. A new species of Probolomyrmex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Madagascar, pp. 146-152. In Snelling, R. R., B. L. Fisher, and P. S. Ward (eds) Advances In Ant Systematics (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): Homage To E. O. Wilson-50 Years Of Contributions. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, 80.
  • Snelling, R. R., B. L. Fisher, and P. S. Ward. (eds). 2007. Advances In Ant Systematics (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): Homage To E. O. Wilson-50 Years Of Contributions. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, 80: 1-670.
  • Fisher, B.L. 2007. Formicidae. Fourmis. In. Histoire Naturelle de Madagascar. S. M. Goodman and L. Wilmé (eds), Museum National de Histoire Naturelle (MNHN), Paris. (in press)
  • Fisher, B.L and N. Penny. 2007. Arthropodes. In. Histoire Naturelle de Madagascar. S. M. Goodman and L. Wilmé (eds), Museum National de Histoire Naturelle (MNHN), Paris. (in press)
  • Molet M., C. Peeters, I. Follin and B. L. Fisher. 2007. Novel division of tasks between worker and reproductive castes in the amblyoponine ant Mystrium oberthueri. Animal Behaviour (in press)
  • Yanoviak S. P., B. L. Fisher, and A. Alonso. 2007. Arboreal ant diversity (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in a central African forest. African Journal of Ecology. (in Press).
  • Yoshimura, M. & B. L. Fisher. 2007. A revision of male ants of Madagascar (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): 1. Key to subfamilies and treatment of the genera of Ponerinae. Zootaxa (in press).
  • Ouellette. G.D., B. L. Fisher, D. Girman. 2006. Molecular systematics of basal subfamilies of ants using 28S rDNA (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 40: 359-369.
  • Clark, V. C., V. Rakotomalala, O. Ramilijaona, L. Abrell and B. L. Fisher. 2006. Individual variation in alkaloid content of poison frogs of Madagascar (Mantella; Mantellidae). Journal of Chemical Ecology 32: 2219-2233 DOI 10.1007/s10886-006-9144-6
  • Underwood, E. C. and B. L. Fisher. 2006. The role of ants in conservation monitoring: If, when, and how. Biological Conservation 132: 166-182.
  • Patek, S. N., J. E. Baio, B. L. Fisher, and A. V. Suarez. 2006. Multifunctionality and mechanical origins: Ballistic jaw propulsion in trap-jaw ants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103: 12787-12792; 10.1073/pnas.0604290103
  • Lourenço, W.R., S. M. Goodman, B.L. Fisher. 2006. A reappraisal of the geographical distribution of the endemic family Microcharmidae Lourenço (Scorpiones) in Madagascar and description of eight new species and subspecies. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences. 57: 751-783
  • Brady, S. G., T. R. Schultz, B. L. Fisher, and P. S. Ward. 2006. Evaluating alternative hypotheses for the early evolution and diversification of ants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 103: 18172-18177; 10.1073/pnas.0605858103
  • Molet, M. C. Peeters, B. L. Fisher. 2006. Winged queens replaced by reproductives smaller than workers in Mystrium ants. Naturwissenschaften 94: 280-287 DOI 10.1007/s00114-006-0190-2
  • Fisher, B. L. 2006. Boloponera vicans gen.n. and sp.n. and two new species of the Plectroctena genus group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Myrmecologische Nachrichten 8: 111-118.
  • Fisher, B.L. 2005. Attack on the Army Ants. California Wild, Winter issue.
  • Fisher, B. L. 2005. A Model for a Global Inventory of Ants: A Case Study in Madagascar. Pages 78–89 in Nina G. Jablonski, ed., Biodiversity: A Symposium Held on the Occasion of the 150th Anniversary of the California Academy of Sciences June 17–18, 2003. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, ser. 4, vol. 56, Suppl. I.
  • Simon F., G. V.N. Powell, K. S. Richardson, G. Manion, J. M. Overton, T. F. Allnutt, S. E. Cameron, K. Mantle, N. D. Burgess, D. P. Faith, J. F. Lamoreux, G. Kier, R. J. Hijmans, V. A. Funk, G. A. Cassis, B. L. Fisher, P. Flemons, D. Lees, J. C. Lovett, R. S.A.R. Van Rompaey. 2004. Mapping More of Terrestrial Biodiversity for Global Conservation Assessment. BioScience. 54: 1101–1109.
  • Saux, C., B. Fisher, and G. S. Spicer. 2004. Dracula ant phylogeny as inferred by nuclear 28S rDNA sequences and implications for ant systematics (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Amblyoponinae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 33:457–468.
  • Thibault, M., B. L. Fisher, and S. M. Goodman. 2004. Description of Monts Doudou, Gabon, and the 2000 biological inventory of the Reserve. In Monts Doudou, Gabon: A Floral and Faunal Inventory with reference to elevational Variation. Pp 3–15. California Academy of Sciences, Memoirs 28. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, California.
  • Fisher, B. L. (ed) 2004. Monts Doudou, Gabon: A Floral and Faunal Inventory with reference to elevational Variation. California Academy of Sciences Memoir 28.. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, California. 295 pp.
  • Fisher, B. L. 2004. Diversity patterns of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) along an elevational gradient on Monts Doudou in southwestern Gabon. In Monts Doudou, Gabon: A Floral and Faunal Inventory with reference to elevational Variation. Pp 269–286. California Academy of Sciences, Memoirs 28. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, California.
  • Fisher, B. L. 2003. Ants (Formicidae: Hymenoptera). In The natural history of Madagascar. S. M. Goodman and J. P. Benstead (eds). Pp. 811– 819. University of Chicago Press.
  • Fisher, B. L. 2002. Ant diversity patterns along an elevational gradient in the Réserve Spéciale de Manongarivo, Madagascar. Boissiera 59: 311–328.
  • Fisher, B. L. and Robertson H. 2002. Comparison and origin of forest and grassland ant assemblages in the high plateau of Madagascar. Biotropica 34: 155–167.
  • Vences, M., Glaw, F., and Fisher, B. L. 2002. Notes on the Distribution of Dycophus insularis (Anura: Microhylidae). Herpetological Review 33:18–19.
  • Delabie, J.H., B.L. Fisher, J. Majer, J., and I.W. Wright. 2000. Sampling Effort and Choice of Methods In: Measuring and Monitoring Biodiversity: Standard Methods for Ground–Dwelling Ants Agosti, D., J. D. Majer, L. Alonso, and T. Schultz (eds). Pp. 145–154. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C.
  • Fisher, B.L. 2000. Ant inventories along elevational gradients in tropical wet forests in Eastern Madagascar. In: Sampling Ground–dwelling Ants: Case Studies from the Worlds' Forests, Agosti, D., J. D. Majer, L. Alonso, and T. Schultz (eds). Curtin University School of Environmental Biology Bulletin No. 18. Perth, Australia. 75 pp.
  • Fisher, B.L. 2000. The Malagasy fauna of Strumigenys. Pp. 612–710 in Bolton, B. The ant tribe Dacetini. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 65: 1–1028.
  • Fisher, B. L. and D. Girman. 2000. Biogeography of ants in eastern Madagascar. In: Diversity and Endemism in Madagascar. W. R. Lourenço and S.M. Goodman (eds). Pp. 331–344., Mémoires de la Société de Biogéographie, Paris.
  • Fisher, B. L., A. K. F. Malsch, R. Gadagkar, J. H. C. Delabie, H. L. Vasconcelos, and J. D. Majer. 2000. Applying the ALL Protocol: Selected Case Studies In: Measuring and Monitoring Biodiversity: Standard Methods for Ground–Dwelling Ants, Agosti, D., J. D. Majer, L. Alonso, and T. Schultz (eds). Pp. 207–214. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C.
  • Fisher, B.L., and H. G. Robertson. 1999. Silk production by adult workers of Melissotarsus emeryi (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in South African Fynbos. Insectes Sociaux 46:78–83.
  • Fisher, B.L. 1999. Improving inventory efficiency: a case study of leaf litter ant diversity in Madagascar. Ecological Applications. 9:714–731.
  • Fisher, B.L. 1999. Ant diversity patterns along an elevational gradient in the Réserve Naturelle Intégrale d'Andohahela, Madagascar. Fieldiana: Zoology (n.s.) 94:129–147.
  • Fisher, B.L. 1998. Insect behavior and ecology in conservation: preserving functional species interactions. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 91:155–158.
  • Fisher, B.L., H. Ratsirarson, and S. Razafimandimby. 1998. Les Fourmis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) In: Inventaire biologique de la Forêt Littorale de Tampolo(Fenoarivo Atsinaanana). J. Ratsirarson and S.M. Goodman (eds.) pp 107–131. Recherches pour le Développement, Série Sciences Biologiques. N º 14. Centre d'Information et de Documentation Scientifique et Technique, Antananarivo, Madagascar.
  • Fisher, B.L. 1998. Ant diversity patterns along an elevational gradient in the Réserve Spéciale d'Anjanaharibe–Sud and on the western Masoala Peninsula, Madagascar. Fieldiana: Zoology (n.s.) 90:39–67.
  • Fisher, B.L. 1997. A comparison of ant assemblages (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) on serpentine and non–serpentine soils in Northern California. Insectes Sociaux 44:23–33.
  • Fisher, B.L., and S. Razafimandimby. 1997. Les fourmis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). In: Inventaire biologique forêts de Vohibasia et d'Isoky–Vohimena. O. Langrand and S.M. Goodman (eds.) pp. 104–109. Recherches pour le Développement, Série Sciences Biologiques. N º 12. Centre d'Information et de Documentation Scientifique et Technique and World Wide Fund for Nature, Antananarivo, Madagascar.
  • Fisher, B.L. 1997. Biogeography and ecology of the ant fauna of Madagascar (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Natural History 31:269–302.
  • Fisher, B.L. 1996. Ant diversity patterns along an elevational gradient in the Réserve Naturelle Intégrale d'Andringitra, Madagascar. Fieldiana: Zoology (n.s.) 85:93–108.
  • Fisher, B.L. 1996. Origins and affinities of the ant fauna of Madagascar. In: Biogéographie de Madagascar. W.L. Lourenço (ed.), pp. 457–465. Editions ORSTOM, Paris.
  • Fisher, B.L. 1995. Ant diversity patterns along an elevational gradient in eastern Madagascar. [Abstract] In: Environmental change in Madagascar, B.D. Patterson, S.M. Goodman and J.L. Sedlock (eds.), pp. 19, 84–85. Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago.
  • Fisher, B.L. and R.L. Fisher. 1994. Conservation, insects, and the classroom. The Science Teacher 61(4): 22–23.
  • Molofsky, J. and B.L. Fisher. 1993. Habitat and predation effects on seedling survival and growth in shade–tolerant tropical trees. Ecology 74:261–265.
  • Fisher, B.L. 1992. Facultative ant associates benefit Caularthron bilamellatum (Rchg.f.) Schult. (Orchidaceae) in Panama. Journal of Tropical Ecology 8:109–114.
  • Fisher, B.L., H.F. Howe and J.S. Wright. 1991. Survival and growth of Virola surinamensis yearlings: water augmentation in gap and understory. Oecologia ( Berlin ) 86:292–297.
  • Davidson, D.W., and B.L. Fisher. 1991. Symbiosis of ants with Cecropia as a function of light regime. In: Ant–Plant Interactions, D. Cutler and C. Huxley (eds.), pp. 289–309. Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford.
  • Fisher, B.L., L.S.L Sternberg, and D. Price. 1990. Variation in the use of orchid extrafloral nectar by ants. Oecologia (Berlin ) 83:263-266.
  • Fisher, B.L., and J.K. Zimmerman. 1988. Ant/orchid associations in the Barro Colorado National Monument, Panama. Lindleyana 3:12–16.

Have a Question?

   

Q: How do ants communicate in an organized, complex colony?

 

A: They use chemicals called pheromones for words. Each ant species has ten to twenty "chemical words" that are like perfumes. They use these to talk among themselves. You cannot have an organized complex society without clear communications. Ants are no exception.

Read all the questions »

More about Dr. Dr. Fisher

   

Department: Entomology

 

Expeditions: 50

Current Expedition: Madagascar

 

Website:

www.antweb.org

 

Selected Articles and Publications

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