The Academy’s highest honor is the Fellows Medal, awarded since 1964 to particularly prominent scientists who have been recognized for outstanding contributions to their field(s).
The Fellows of the California Academy of Sciences are a group of distinguished scientists, nominated and appointed in recognition of their outstanding contributions to the natural sciences. Fellows help us extend the Academy's positive impact on research, public engagement, and education, through individual and collaborative efforts with Academy researchers and staff.
Contact select Fellows with press or other inquiries, below.
- ACKERLY, David (University of California Berkeley
- Expertise: Plant Ecology, Climate Change, Conservation, California Biodiversity
- ANDERSON, Steven C. (University of the Pacific)
- Expertise: Herpetology
Emeritus Professor of Biology, Research Associate; specializing in SW Asia reptiles and amphibians; >100 publications; PhD Stanford; retired SCUBA instructor.
- ARNOLD, Jeanne E. (UCLA)
- Expertise: Archaeology of California; Chumash Peoples of Channel Islands; Labor Organization and Evolution of Leadership; Craft Specialization; Theory of Political/Economic Evolution
- BALDWIN, Bruce (UC Berkeley)
- Expertise: Plant Evolutionary Biology, California Floristics, Biogeography, Island Biology
Research focused on evolution, diversity, and conservation of the Californian and Hawaiian floras, with special focus on rapidly diversifying lineages, especially in the sunflower family (Compositae). Lead editor of The Jepson Flora Project, which seeks to maintain an up-to-date flora of Californian vascular plants online (namely, the Jepson eFlora). Hawaiian and other Pacific botanical studies strongly interface with conservation-related efforts at the National Tropical Botanical Garden, where I am a research associate.
- BARBER, Richard (Duke University)
- Expertise: Oceanic primary productivity, Mercury in marine fish
Barber has worked as a sea-going biological oceanographer since 1970, and spent three years in California as the founding director of the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute. He has spent a lot of time at sea, mostly in the equatorial Pacific working on El Nino effects and the role of iron in ocean productivity.
- BARRETT, Reginald H. (UC Berkeley)
- Expertise: Wildlife Biology, Ecology, Management
Barrett is an Emeritus Professor of Wildlife Management.
- BARRON, John (U.S. Geological Survey)
- Expertise: Marine diatoms, Paleoclimate, Paleoceanography
PhD, 1974, UCLA. Research Geologist since 1974, US Geological Survey, Menlo Park. Developed Miocene diatom biostratigraphy of California and the North Pacific. Co-Chief Scientist, Ocean Drilling Program, Leg 119 along Antarctic margin. Published >170 papers on marine diatoms, their taxonomy, biostratigraphy, geologic time scales, paleoclimatology, and paleoceanography. Received the Charles Schuchert Award from the Paleontological Society (1986) and the Brady Medal of the British Micropalaeontological Society (2011). Current research details Holocene climate history of the North Pacific region with aim of identifying the ocean/atmosphere drivers of western North America hydrologic change.
- BASRI, Gibor (UC Berkeley)
- Expertise: Stars (formation, activity, evolution); Brown Dwarfs, Red Dwarfs, Exoplanets
Basri received his BSc in Physics from Stanford University and a PhD in Astrophysics from the University of Colorado, Boulder. He joined the faculty of the Berkeley Astronomy Department in 1982, where he has used the Lick and Keck Observatories and several space telescopes. He studies star formation and stellar magnetic activity, and was a pioneer in studying brown dwarfs. In 2001 he joined NASA's Kepler exoplanet mission. From 2007-15 Dr. Basri was the founding Vice Chancellor for Equity and Inclusion at UC Berkeley.
- BAUER, Aaron (Villanova University)
- Expertise: Herpetology, Systematics, Biogeography, Morphology
Aaron Bauer received a BS (Zoology) and BA (History) from Michigan State University in 1982 and a PhD (Zoology) from the University of California, Berkeley in 1986. He is Professor and Gerald M. Lemole Endowed Chair in Integrative Biology at Villanova University. He has authored over 630 publications on the systematics, morphology, paleontology, and biogeography of reptiles and has described approximately 150 species of lizards. He maintains an active field research program in Africa, tropical Asia and the South Pacific and is also interested in the history and bibliography of herpetology and museology.
- BERNARDI, Giacomo (UC Santa Cruz)
- Expertise: Ichthyology, Evolutionary Biology, Genomics
Giacomo Bernardi earned his Masters and PhD in Molecular Biology from the University of Paris, France. He then was a postdoctoral fellow at the Pasteur Institute in Tunis, and a postdoctoral fellow at Stanford's Hopkins Marine Station. He is currently a Professor of Biology at UCSC.
Dr. Black is Professor of Wildlife Management (since 1998) after spending 15 years as a researcher at the Wildfowl Trust in Great Britain, collaborating with Bristol, Cambridge, Kent, Oxford, and Tromsø Universities. Straight out of Hiram College (Ohio) with an undergraduate degree in Biology/Zoology he followed his passion for Arctic nesting geese – migrating to the far reaches of our planet. Black has published over 125 scientific works, including 3 books and 2 edited volumes. His book, Partnerships in Birds is highly quoted, shaping dozens, if not hundreds, of graduate student projects in universities around the world.
- BLACKBURN, David (University of Florida)
- Expertise: Evolution, Herpetology, Africa
Blackburn's lab studies the diversity and evolution of amphibians and reptiles, with specific interests in morphological diversity, utilizing scientific collections, and the deep-time history of Africa.
- BOGGS, Carol (University of South Carolina)
- Expertise: Conservation Biology, Invasive Species, Population Biology, Ecology
Boggs obtained her PhD from the University of Texas, Austin. She is Director and Professor, School of the Earth, Ocean & Environment, University of South Carolina, and Director Emerita, Program in Human Biology, Stanford University. Dr. Boggs’ uses butterflies to examine how environmental variation leads to biological responses from the individual to the community level. She teaches conservation biology and a senior environmental seminar. Her service includes environmental and educational organizations’ advisory boards, professional societies’ committees, and major journals’ editorial boards. Boggs is an elected Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
- BOLLENS, Stephen (Washington State University)
- Expertise: Aquatic Ecology; Biological Oceanography; Invasive Species; Climate Change
Dr. Bollens is Professor, School of the Environment and School of Biological Sciences, Washington State University (WSU), and has held various administrative positions at WSU as well. He holds a BA degree in Biology from Oberlin College and MS and PhD degrees in Oceanography from the University of Washington. He has held various research and faculty positions at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, San Francisco State University, University of Washington, Max Planck Institute for Limnology in Germany, and University of Otago in New Zealand. His research is broadly concerned with biological oceanography and aquatic ecology.
- BRIGGS, Winslow R. (Carnegie Institution for Science)
- Expertise: Effects of light on plant development; post-fire ecology
Ph. D. Harvard, 1956; Instructor through full professor, Stanford University, 1955-1967; Professor, Harvard University 1967-1973; Director, Department of Plant Biology, Carnegie Institution for Science 1973-1993, now emeritus; 283 publications, Member National Academy of Sciences; recipient, International Prize for Biology; Honorary doctorates, University of Freiburg, Germany; Hebrew University of Jerusalem; long-time volunteer, California Sate Parks, specialty natural history interpretation.
- BRUSCA, Richard (University of Arizona & Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum)
- Expertise: Southwestern Natural History, Sea of Cortez, Invertebrates, Sky Islands
Brusca is an invertebrate zoologist, marine biologist, conservation ecologist, and Southwestern naturalist. He is Executive Director, Emeritus, of the Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum (and currently a Research Associate). He is also a Research Scientist at the University of Arizona and the Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo (CIAD), Mexico. Rick is the author of over 160 research publications and 13 books, including the largest-selling text on invertebrate zoology and numerous popular field guides. He has served on panels and boards for many foundations and agencies, and currently serves on the Board of Directors for several Tucson-area and Mexican non-profits. His area of greatest interest is the Sea of Cortez and the Sonoran Desert. He is an elected Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the Linnean Society of London.
- CAILLIET, Gregor (Moss Landing Marine Laboratories, California State University)
- Expertise: Marine Ichthyology, Ecology, Fisheries
Cailliet is a Professor Emeritus at MLML, where he was faculty from 1972-2009. He is currently involved with deep-sea and chondrichthyan fish ecology studies, and an Associate Director of the Friends of MLML, a fund-raising group for student scholarships. He remains active in the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, the American Elasmobranch Society, and the Western Society of Naturalists.
- CALDWELL, Roy (UC Berkeley)
- Expertise: Marine Invertebrate Behavior (stomatopods and octopuses)
Caldwell is an Emeritus Professor of Integrative Biology at UC Berkeley. An animal behaviorist and marine biologist by training, he has studied the evolution of behavior in a variety of tropical marine organisms ranging from to mantis shrimp to octopus and was involved in the discovery of a new species of Indonesian coelacanth. His research has also monitored the impact human activities such as oil spills and blast fishing on coral reefs and examined ways that destroyed reefs might best be restored.
- CAREY, James (UC Davis)
- Expertise: Insect lifespan, Aging, Invasion Biology
Carey is Distinguished Professor and the former Vice-Chair in the Department of Entomology at UC Davis with research interests in insect demography, mortality dynamics, and insect invasion biology (e.g. medfly). He received his BS and MS degrees from Iowa State University (1973; 1975) and PhD from UC Berkeley (1980). He is the author of three books and over 220 scientific publications on insect demography and aging.
- CARLSON, Sandy (UC Davis)
- Expertise: Paleobiology, Evolutionary Biology, Marine Metazoans
Why are some marine organisms tremendously diverse as fossils, but relatively rare today?Carlson studies brachiopods, one such group of bivalved marine metazoans; I'm interested in how brachiopods grow and evolve, how they are related to each other and to other metazoans, how extinct and extant species compare. She's been a Professor at UC Davis for the past 30 years, receiving an MS and PhD from University of Michigan, and a BS from UC Santa Cruz. She is the past President of the Paleontological Society, and currently the Faculty Director of CalTeach/Math and Science Teaching program at UCD.
- CARLTON, James (Williams College)
- Expertise: Marine Invasive Species, Marine Extinctions
Carlton is Professor of Marine Sciences Emeritus at Williams College. His research sites include the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of North America, Hawaiian Islands, South Africa, and Galapagos Islands. He is founding editor-in-chief of the journal Biological Invasions, a Pew Fellow for Marine Conservation, and a AAAS Fellow. Carlton received his BS in Paleontology from UC Berkeley, his PhD in ecology from UC Davis, and did his postdoctoral work at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.
- CARPENTER, Edward (San Francisco State University)
- Expertise: Marine Phytoplankton, Cyanobacteria, Nitrogen Fixation
Dr. Carpenter has been on the faculty of the Biology Department at San Francisco State University since 2000. His research centers on phytoplankton ecology and has involved ocean acidification effects on a group of calcifying phytoplankton, ecology of nitrogen fixation by marine planktonic cyanobacteria, biogeochemistry of the Amazon River discharge plume in the Atlantic Ocean, phytoplankton ecology of the SF Bay low salinity zone, and the microbial ecology of glacial melt water streams in Antarctica. Dr. Carpenter has been awarded the Antarctic medal for his research and service as a National Science Foundation program officer in Antarctica. He received a doctoral degree from Stockholm University in Sweden in 2000, a BS degree in Biology at SUNY College at Fredonia (1964), and MS and PhD degrees in Zoology from North Carolina (1967; 1969).
- CARPENTER, James (American Museum of Natural History)
- Expertise: Hymenoptera, Vespidae, Systematics
Carpenter has worked as a curator at the AMNH for more than twenty years. He received his doctorate at Cornell University, and worked at the Smithsonian Institution and Harvard University. My research specialty is social wasps, and I’ve carried out fieldwork to study these insects on six continents.
- CARR, Mark (UC Santa Cruz)
- Expertise: Coastal Marine Ecology, Conservation and Fisheries
Carr is a professor of marine ecology in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at UC Santa Cruz. He and his graduate students study the ecology of coastal marine fishes, freshwater salmonids, and kelp forest ecosystems. His research informs ecosystem-based management, including the design and evaluation of marine protected areas and coastal fisheries.
- CLAGUE, David (Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute)
- Expertise: Submarine Geology, Volcanology
Clague's primary research interests are submarine volcanoes with emphasis on explosive submarine eruptions and lava flow emplacement. He blends high-resolution mapping using autonomous underwater vehicles with targeted sampling and observations using remotely operated vehicles. Recent work is focused on submarine flanks of Hawaii, mid-ocean ridges, seamounts, and back-arc volcanism. He received his BA from UCSB (1970), PhD from Scripps Institution of Oceanography (1974).
- COALE, Kenneth (Moss Landing Marine Laboratories)
- Expertise: Marine Biogeochemistry/Chemical cycling
Coale is a marine biogeochemist interested in the cycling of trace metals, nutrients and carbon in ocean and lacustrine systems. His lab is currently investigating the transport of methyl mercury from the oceans to terrestrial systems via marine advective fog.
- COCHLAN, William (San Francisco State University)
- Expertise: Phytoplankton Ecology and Physiology, Nutrient dynamics in coastal and oceanic systems
Dr. Cochlan has conducted research as varied as large-scale oceanic iron fertilization studies in the equatorial and northern Pacific and Southern Oceans, to designing and optimizing the commercial technology for algal biofuel production. He is currently researching the effects of climate change on phytoplankton physiology and biotoxin production. Cochlan earned his BSc and PhD at the University of British Columbia, and his MSc from Dalhousie University.
- COHEN, Sarah C. (San Francisco State University)
- Expertise: Marine, Evolutionary Ecology, Ascidians, Disease
Raised in a systematics household, Cohen rebelled and studied history and political science at Swarthmore College. PhD, University of Washington, initially in insect endocrinology, then marine evolution and ecology. She was a postdoc at Stanford Medical School and Hopkins Marine Station, Assistant Director of Shoals Marine Lab, and Research Associate at Harvard and NRC fellow. Cohen is now faculty at SFSU and the Romberg Tiburon Center, where her lab works on diverse taxa from seagrasses to sea squirts, fish and mice. Ascidian biodiversity in the Philippines is a compelling focus in collaboration with CAS expeditions.
- CONKLIN, Bruce (Gladstone Institutes, UCSF)
- Expertise: Human Genetics, Stem Cells, Disease
Dr. Conklin is focused on the genetic causes of severe human disease such as cardiomyopathy, cardiac arrhythmia and blindness. His uses genome engineering methods to test the role of specific genetic changes in induced pluripotent cell (iPSC)-derived models of disease. These engineered human tissues are leading to safer drugs, and better drug therapies. He is also developing methods for therapeutic genome editing in select tissues. He is a Founding Director of both the Gladstone Stem Cell Core and the Gladstone Genomics Core Laboratory. His honors include the Scientific American SciAm 50 Award and membership in the American Society for Clinical Investigation.
- CORTI, Claudia (University of Florence Natural History Museum)
- Expertise: Herpetology
Corti is curator of the Anatomical Wax Collection (Natural History Museum, University Florence, Italy). She holds a degree in biological sciences, qualification for Biologist practice and national qualification for an associate professorship in zoology. President of the Societas Europaea Herpetologica since 2009, and Assessor of IUCN-The World Conservation Union (the Mediterranean Area- herpetology); is Research Associate and Fellow of the CAS. Corti is author and co-author of hundreds of scientific publications in the field of Natural History both applied and basic, at national and international level concerning the fauna of the Mediterranean area. Her interest focuses on Mediterranean island herpetology and interaction between biodiversity and agriculture.
- COSTA, Daniel (UC Santa Cruz)
- Foraging, Physiological Ecology of marine mammals and seabirds
Costa's research takes him to every continent and almost every habitat from the Galapagos to Antarctica. Working with a broad range of animals including turtles, penguins’ albatross, seals, sea lions, sirenians, whales, and dolphins, his work is aimed at recording their movement and distribution patterns to understand their habitat needs. This work helps to identify biodiversity hotspots and the factors that create them. His research is also studying the response of marine mammals to underwater sounds and developing ways to assess whether the potential disturbance may result in a population consequence.
- DAILY, Gretchen (Stanford University)
- Biodiversity, Ecosystem Services, Human well-being
Daily is Bing Professor of Environmental Science at Stanford, where she also serves as faculty director of The Natural Capital Project, a global partnership whose goal is to improve the well-being of people and the environment by mainstreaming the values of nature into important decisions globally. An ecologist by training, Daily’s efforts span fundamental research and policy- and business-oriented demonstrations in over 30 nations. Her recent books include The Power of Trees (2012), Natural Capital: Theory & Practice of Mapping Ecosystem Services (2011), and The New Economy of Nature: The Quest to Make Conservation Profitable (2002).
- DAWSON, Todd (UC Berkeley)
- Expertise: Plant ecology & physiology, Environmental change science
Dawson's is professor of plant ecology and physiology in the Departments of Integrative Biology and Environmental Science, Policy & Management. In recent years his focus has been on improving our understanding about the roles trees play in local, regional and global hydrological processes and applying what we learn towards forest preservation, conservation and management.
- DESJARDIN, Dennis (San Francisco State University)
- Expertise: Mycology, Biodiversity, Evolutionary Biology
Dr. Desjardin's research focuses on the diversity and evolution of basidiomycetous fungi, especially from under-explored tropical forests. Publishing since 1985, he has described over 250 new species from throughout Southeast Asia, the Pacific region, Africa, South and North America. A special interest is in the origin and evolution of bioluminescence in fungi.
- DICKINSON, Janis (Cornell University)
- Expertise: Behavioral Ecology, Cooperation, Citizen Science
Dickinson is Professor of Natural Resources and a member of the Graduate Field of Neurobiology and Behavior at Cornell University. Her research in evolutionary behavioral ecology has focused on western bluebirds as a model system for understanding cooperation, dispersal, sexual selection, sex ratio, and parental behaviors. Dickinson became Director of Citizen Science at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology in 2005 and is now designing online systems to crowdsource pro-environmental behavior at the level of households, schools, parks, and corporate campuses. YardMap.org launched in 2012 as living laboratory for understanding how normative behaviors, competition, and electronic reputation systems can facilitate collective action and collective intelligence in emergent Web-based practice networks. Dickinson is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Animal Behavior Society, and the American Ornithologists’ Union.
- DIRZO, Rodolfo (Stanford University)
- Expertise: Conservation science, tropical ecology, species interactions
Dirzo earned his MSc and his PhD from the University of Wales, UK and he is currently a professor of biology at Stanford, and Director of Stanford’s Center for Latin American Studies. His research on the ecology of plant and animals in tropical ecosystems examines the significance of biodiversity loss in terms of ecosystem functioning and ecosystem services to society. He is member of the USA National Academy of Sciences and Mexican Academy of Sciences. He is committed to education at all levels, including elementary and high schools from underserved communities in the Bay Area.
- DUMBACHER, John (California Academy of Sciences)
- Expertise: Ornithology, Molecular evolution, Chemical defense, Genomics
Dumbacher studies bird and mammal phylogenetics, evolution, speciation, and areas having to do with avian conservation (especially conservation genomics). Study systems include spotted owls, New Guinea and Himalayan birds, and chemical defense in New Guinea toxic birds.
- DURHAM, William (Stanford University)
- Expertise: Environmental Anthropology, Sustainability Science, Community-based Conservation, Costa Rica and Galapagos
Durham is Bing Professor in Human Biology and Anthropology, and a Senior Fellow in the Woods Institute for the Environment at Stanford. Bill's primary interests are environmental anthropology, the challenges of sustainable development in the tropics, and the evolution of our uniquely human attributes (including cultural evolution). Bill is co-leader of the Osa-Golfito Initiative in the Woods Institute, helping Costa Ricans to develop a sustainability plan for the southern region of the country. And he is co-leader of a Templeton Foundation project, “The Boundaries of Humanity: Humans, Animals, and Machines in the Age of Biotechnology.”
- EARLE, Sylvia (National Geographic, Mission Blue, Deep Ocean Exploration and Research)
- Expertise: Marine Algae, Global ocean ecosystems, Deep Sea life, Technologies for Ocean Exploration, Research, Education and Conservation.
An oceanographer, botanist, explorer, author, speaker, founder of ocean engineering companies, founder Mission Blue, member of various corporate and nonprofit boards, expedition leader, former chief scientist of NOAA, Duke University Phd, 28 honorary degrees, 100+ honors, 200 + publications, Time Magazine Hero for the Planet, Library of Congress Living Legend, NY Times "Her Deepness," Hubbard Medal National.Grographic, Royal Geographical Society Patrons Medal, Explorers Club Medal, Netherlands Order of the Golden Ark, Dominican Republic Medal of Honor.
- FIEDLER, Peggy (UC Natural Reserve System)
- Conservation Biology, Calochortus Ecology, Systematics
Dr. Fiedler is the Director of the UC Natural Reserve System. From 1986-2000 she served as professor of conservation biology at SF State University. Fiedler holds a BA in Anthropology (ethnobotany) from Harvard, and an MS and PhD from UC Berkeley in applied plant ecology. Her research has focused on the California species Calochortus (Liliaceae), and currently is a collaborating scientist with CENRM at the University of Western Australia. She is a fellow of the Linnean Society and Fulbright Senior Scholar.
- FINE, Paul (UC Berkeley)
- Expertise: Tropical Diversity, Tree Ecology and Evolution, Plant-insect interactions
Dr. Fine is an Associate Professor in the Department of Integrative Biology at UC Berkeley, and also serves as a Faculty Curator at the University and Jepson Herbaria and Essig Museum of Entomology. His research investigates the origin and maintenance of Amazonian rain forest tree diversity. He is especially interested in the role that biotic interactions and environmental heterogeneity play in the morphological, functional, and genetic diversity of tropical trees, and how these factors influence the distribution and speciation of plants. Fine integrates research on tree and insect natural history and diversity, reciprocal transplant experiments, and molecular systematics to investigate edaphic specialization by trees to divergent soil types, and the role of herbivores in this process. He received his BA in Integrative Biology from the University of California, Berkeley and his PhD in Biology at the University of Utah.
- FORSBURG, Susan (University of Southern California)
- Expertise: Genome Stability; Chromosomes; Yeast; DNA Replication
- FOSTER, Michael S. (Moss Landing Marine Laboratories)
- Expertise: Marine Ecology, Phycology, Coastal Pollution
- FRAKNOI, Andrew (Foothill College)
- Expertise: Astronomy, Planetary Science, Astronomy Education, Science Education
Andrew Fraknoi is Chair of the Astronomy Department at Foothill College and Senior Educator at the Astronomical Society of the Pacific. He served as Executive Director of the Society for 14 years, while teaching at San Francisco State. In 2007, he was named the California Professor of the Year by the Carnegie Endowment. Fraknoi appears regularly on local and national radio, explaining astronomical developments in everyday language. He has been a regular on Forum at KQED, and the Gil Gross and Ronn Owens shows. He is co-author of a leading astronomy textbook in the U.S., and has written and edited books of astronomy activities for teachers in grades 4-14.
- GHISELIN, Michael (California Academy of Sciences)
- Expertise: History and Philosophy of Evolutionary Biology
Michael T. Ghiselin received his BA from the University of Utah in 1960, and his Ph.D. in Biological Sciences from Stanford in 1965. He was awarded the Pfizer Prize of the History of Science Society in 1970, and a MacArthur Prize Fellowship in 1981. His books include The Triumph of the Darwinian Method, The Economy of Nature and the Evolution of Sex, and Metaphysics and the Origin of Species. He was awarded the Fellows Medal of the California Academy of Sciences "for his many outstanding contributions to evolutionary biology and Darwin scholarship" in 2009. He is currently a Senior Research Fellow at the Academy.
- GIRIBET, Gonzalo (Harvard University)
- Expertise: Systematics, Invertebrates, Biogeography, Marine Biology, Arachnology
As an evolutionary biologist, Gonzalo is interested in the origins and maintenance of animal diversity. He uses invertebrate animals as model organisms to tackle questions on ancient biogeographical events, or to interpret connectivity among populations that can help us to understand the cohesiveness and distribution of invertebrate species. He is furthermore interested in the methods used for inferring phylogenetic relationships, especially those which focus on homology. He has different favorite invertebrate groups, depending on the questions to be addressed. He is particularly interested in explaining the phylogenetic diversity of the largest animal phylum (Arthropoda) and the one with the largest body plan disparity (Mollusca). Hi research group uses different terrestrial ecdysozoans, mostly arachnids, myriapods, tardigrades and onychophorans to study ancient vicaricant events, and marine benthic invertebrates, mostly corals, sponges, sipunculans, echinoderms and mollusks to study marine connectivity and species delimitation.
- GOLDEN, David (Stanford University)
- Expertise: Chemical Kinetics
Golden attended Cornell University and the University of Minnesota. He spent 35 years at SRI International culminating in the post of Vice President. He has been a Consulting Professor of Chemistry at Stanford University and a Visiting Professor at the Ecole Polytechnique Federale in Switzerland, the University of Paris and the University of Karlsruhe. Research into chemical kinetics and codification and extrapolation of rate data for use in practical problems. Author of over 200 publications. Received the ACS Award for Creative Advances in Environmental Science and Technology and the Newcomb Cleveland Prize of the AAAS. Presented with the University of Minnesota Outstanding Achievement Award. Fellow of the American Physical Society and the AAAS. Founding Editor of the International Journal of Chemical Kinetics.
- GORDON, Deborah M. (Stanford University)
- Expertise: Collective Behavior, Ant Colony Organization, Invasion Ecology
Deborah M. Gordon is a Professor in the Department of Biology at Stanford University. She studies how ant colonies work without central control using networks of simple interactions, and how these networks evolve in relation to changing environments. Her projects include a long-term study of a population of harvester ant colonies in Arizona, studies of the invasive Argentine ant in northern California, ant-plant mutualisms in Central America, and analogies with other biological and engineered systems. She is the author of two books, Ant Encounters (Primers in Complex Systems, Princeton Univ Press) and Ants at Work (Norton).
- GRAHAM, Michael (Moss Landing Marine Laboratories)
- Expertise: Kelp Forest Ecology, Sustainable Aquaculture
Dr. Graham is an experimental marine ecologist whose research focuses on the functioning of kelp forest ecosystems in California and worldwide. His organismal training is in phycology (the study of algae), and he has particular expertise in marine seaweeds, specifically kelps. Dr. Graham has also been working to develop curricula and research programs in sustainable aquaculture, especially those focused on seaweed production.
- GRIGGS, Gary (University of California Santa Cruz)
- Expertise: Coastal Geology & Oceanography; California Coast
Gary Griggs is a Professor of Earth & Planetary Sciences and Director of the Institute of Marine Sciences at the University of California Santa Cruz. His research focuses on the coast of California and includes coastal processes, hazards and engineering, and the impacts of sea-level rise. Dr. Griggs has written over 175 articles for professional journals as well as authored or co-authored eight books. He was a member of the National Academy of Sciences Committee on West Coast Sea-Level Rise, serves on the Ocean Protection Council’s Science Advisory Team, and is a member of the California Ocean Sciences Trust.
- GROVE, Karen (San Francisco State University)
- Expertise: Sedimentary Geology and Tectonics
BS Geology, University of Maryland (1983); PhD Geology, Stanford (1989); Professor, Department of Earth & Climate Sciences (1989-2015); Professor Emerita (2015-present). Teaching: large variety of geoscience courses at levels from general education to graduate. Research: Cretaceous sedimentation and tectonics in west-central California; Quaternary sediments and active faults in Point Reyes and other parts of the San Francisco Bay Area; regional geology of Patagonia.
- GUSTAFSSON, Claes (DNA2.0)
- Expertise: Synthetic Biology, Protein Engineering, Recombinant Protein Expression
Claes is a co-founder and scientist at bioengineering company DNA2.0, combining machine learning with efficient gene synthesis to engineering biological systems for commercial applications. Gustafsson earned his PhD at Umeå University, Sweden, did a PostDoc at UC Santa Cruz and UC San Francisco before joining Kosan Biosciences as a scientist and later led the bioinformatics group at Maxygen. Claes also made the first bacterium encoding poetry in its genome.
- HAFERNIK, John (San Francisco State University)
- Expertise: Entomology, Conservation Biology, Citizen Science, Threats to Honey Bees
John Hafernik is Professor of Biology at San Francisco State University and former President of the California Academy of Sciences. He became fascinated with insects as a young boy in Texas. His specialties include the evolution, ecology and conservation biology of insects and their relatives. Currently, he is investigating the impact of the zombie fly, a recently discovered parasite of honey bees, on hive health. He is co-founder of ZomBee Watch, a citizen science project that has been featured by the New York Times, Scientific American, Discovery Channel, KQED and other media outlets.
- HASTORF, Christine (University of California Berkeley)
- Expertise: Andean Archaeology, Paleoethnobotany
Dr. Hastorf is known for her contributions to palaeoethnobotany, agriculture, meaning and the everyday, food studies, political economy, and ritual in middle range societies of the Andean region of South America. She has written and edited many articles and books. She has completed fieldwork in Mexico, California, New Mexico, Italy, Peru, Argentina, Bolivia, Turkey and England. She oversees an archaeobotanical laboratory at UC Berkeley and directs an archaeological project in Bolivia. At the 2012 Society for American Archaeology meetings, she was awarded the Fryxell Award for Excellence in the Botanical Sciences in Archaeology.
- HEDRICK, Michael (California State University, East Bay)
- Expertise: Amphibians; Cardiovascular Physiology; Respiratory Physiology; Lymphatics
PhD, 1991, University of British Columbia. Post-doctoral Fellow, 1991-1994, University of Wisconsin. Professor of Biology, CSU, East Bay since 1994. Comparative cardiovascular and respiratory physiology with an emphasis on ectothermic vertebrates. Recent work has investigated the regulation of lymphatics in anuran amphibians to understand how blood volume regulation relates to desiccation tolerance and anuran radiation into different habitats. Other projects include identifying limits to maximal oxygen and carbon dioxide transport; using metabolism and cost of transport to predict animal movement; quantifying cardiac power outputs in ectothermic and endothermic vertebrates as it relates to the evolution of endothermy.
- HERMANS, Colin (Sonoma State University)
- Expertise: Development and Evolution of Polychaeta, Evolution of invertebrate's eyes, Duo-gland adhesive systems, Evolution of homoplasy in meiofauna Metaphorical Biology and Epistemology
BA: Zoology, Pomona College, 1958 MS, PhD: Zoology, Univ. of Washington, Teaching Assistantship, NIH Fellowship, 1964, -66 Postdoc: Zoology, University of Newcastle, England, NATO Fellowship, 1966-67, Zoology, University of California, Berkeley, NIH Fellowship, 1967-69 Assistant Professor - Full Professor: Biology, Sonoma State University, 1969-1998 Postdoc: Zoology, University of Göttingen, Germany, Alexander von Humboldt Fellowship, 1975-76 Sabbatical: Friday Harbor Labs, University of Washington, 1980 Fellow: American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1986 Fellow: California Academy of Sciences, 1987 Visiting Professor: Zoology, Arizona State University, 1988-89 Errant Professor Emeritus, Biology, Sonoma State University, Friday Harbor, 1998.
- HILL, Tessa (UC Davis)
- Expertise: Oceanography, Climate Change, Paleoclimate, Ocean Acidification
Dr. Tessa Hill is an Associate Professor at University of California, Davis, in the Department of Earth & Planetary Sciences and Bodega Marine Laboratory. Tessa graduated with a BS in Marine Science from Eckerd College (1999) and a PhD in Marine Science from UC Santa Barbara (2004). Research interests include climate change, both past and present, and understanding the response of marine species to environmental perturbation. Tessa is a Fellow of the California Academy of Sciences, a UCD Chancellor’s Fellow, and a recipient of the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists & Engineers (2016).
- HOEHLER, Tori (NASA Ames Research Center)
- Expertise: Microbial Ecology, Biogeochemistry, Geobiology, Astrobiology
With a background in chemistry and oceanography, Tori Hoehler now studies how the distribution, diversity, and function of microbial communities are controlled by, and in turn control, their physical, chemical, and energetic environment. Rooted in observation of microbial communities in a diversity range of Earth's ecosystems, especially those characterized by "extreme" conditions, this work finds application in NASA's missions to identify habitable worlds beyond Earth and ultimately seek signs of life there.
- HORMIGA, Gustavo (George Washington University)
- Expertise: Systematics, taxonomy, evolution, spiders, arachnids
Gustavo Hormiga is the Ruth Weintraub Professor of Biology at The George Washington University in Washington, D.C. Research in his laboratory focuses on spider systematics and evolution, with emphasis on orb weavers. Gustavo did his undergraduate studies at the Universitat de Barcelona and his MS and doctoral work at the University of Maryland. He is a Research Associate at the Museum of Comparative Zoology of Harvard University, the California Academy of Sciences (and an Elected Fellow) and the American Museum of Natural History. He has also been a Visiting Professor at the University of Copenhagen (Denmark).
- INGRAM, Lynn (University of California, Berkeley)
- Expertise: Paleoclimatology, Climate History of California and the West, San Francisco Bay Sedimentary History
Professor Lynn Ingram’s research uncovers the history of climate change along the Pacific coast. She has been a Professor in the Department of Earth and Planetary Science at UC Berkeley since 1995, after receiving her B.S. and M.S. degrees in Geology from UCLA, and Ph.D in Earth Science from Stanford University in 1992. She has authored more than forty published scientific articles on past climate change in California, the West, and other regions across the Pacific. She has also co-authored a book, The West without Water: What Past Floods, Droughts, and Other Climatic Clues Tell Us About Tomorrow, published in 2013 (UC Press). In addition to being an Academy Fellow, she is a Senior Fulbright recipient.
- ISBELL, Lynne (University of California, Davis)
- Expertise: Primate Behavior, Ecology, and Evolution
- JABLONSKI, Nina (Pennsylvania State University)
- Expertise: Paleoanthropology, Human Adaptation, Primate Evolution
Nina G. Jablonski is a biological anthropologist at Penn State. Her current research is focused on the evolution of human skin and skin pigmentation, including the biological and social meanings of skin color in modern life. In addition to scholarly papers, Jablonski has written the books, Skin: A Natural History (2006) and Living Color: The Biological and Social Meaning of Skin Color (2012). Jablonski received her AB (Biology) from Bryn Mawr in 1975 and her PhD (Anthropology) from the University of Washington in 1981. In addition to being an Academy Fellow, she is an elected Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
- JAMES, Matthew (Sonoma State University)
- Expertise: Galapagos Islands, history of California Academy of Sciences, Charles Darwin, Evolution, paleontology, Hawaiian Islands, Maritime History, Burgess Shale, History of Science
Professor Matt James writes about the 1905-06 Galapagos scientific collecting expedition of the California Academy of Sciences; soon to be published by Oxford University Press. His next writing project concerns the failed PG&E nuclear power plant at Bodega Head in Sonoma County. He teaches widely about paleontology, including the Burgess Shale UNESCO World Heritage Site in Canada, the Hawaiian Islands, evolution, and the life and work of Charles Darwin. He maintains an interest in the life and work of Ernest Hemingway. In 2011, his writing won the Karl Kortum Award for Maritime History from the Friends of the San Francisco Maritime Museum Library.
- JOHANSON, Donald Carl (Institute of Human Origins, Arizona State University)
- Expertise: Paleoanthropology: search for human ancestors
Since 1970 I have worked in Africa as a paleoanthropologist. In 1978 I posited Australopithecus afarensis as the last common ancestor to Homo and later Australopithecus species. The Hadar Research Project, which I co-directed, has recovered almost 400 specimens of this species. I was founding director of the Institute of Human Origins (IHO) in 1981, in Berkeley, CA; IHO moved to ASU in 1997 and conducts field research in Africa and the Middle East. IHO has a major focus on the evolutionary origins of modern human behavior. I have been active in the public dissemination of human origins research worldwide in books, films and lectures.
- JOSSELYN, Michael (San Francisco State University)
- Expertise: Wetland Ecology, Wetland Restoration, Estuarine Ecology
I have specialized in the ecology of San Francisco Bay and its wetlands. I have completed research on the ecology of tidal wetlands and have been involved in the restoration of tidal wetlands throughout California. I was also trained in underwater science, completing four missions in an underwater habitat conducing research on deep water sea grasses. I am a Professor Emeritus at San Francisco State University.
- KAVANAUGH, David (California Academy of Sciences)
- Expertise: Systematics, Phylogeny and Zoogeography of Carabid Beetles, effects of Climate Change on Montane Biotas
Emeritus Curator in Entomology at California Academy of Sciences (CAS) (2014 to present); Assistant, Associate, Full, and finally Senior Curator in Entomology at CAS (1974-2014); Director of Research at CAS, 1986-1988, 2000-2005; Research Professor in Biology at San Francisco State University (1998-present); Adjunct Professor at UC Berkeley (2004-present). PhD in Entomology (1978) from University of Alberta, Edmonton.
- KELLEY, James (San Francisco State University)
- Expertise: Oceanography of Coastal Upwelling areas, Offshore Drilling, El Nino
- KIMBEL, William (Institute of Human Origins, Arizona State University)
- Expertise: Evolutionary Anthropology, Paleoanthropology, Africa
- KIRCH, Patrick (University of California, Berkeley)
- Expertise: Pacific Islands Archaeology, Island socio-ecosystems, Polynesian prehistory
Patrick V. Kirch is Chancellor's Professor Emeritus at the University of California, Berkeley. For more than 50 years he has carried out archaeological and anthropological research across the Pacific Islands, focusing on the origins and migrations of Pacific peoples, the evolution of their societies, and their often complex interactions with island ecosystems. Kirch is a member of the U. S. Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the American Philosophical Society. He has published more than 30 books and monographs and 300 articles on the results of his research.
- KLEIN, Richard (Stanford University)
- Expertise: Human Biological and Behavioral Evolution
Richard G. Klein is Bass Professor of Biology and Anthropology at Stanford University. His research focuses on the co-evolution of human anatomy and human behavior. His best known publication is The Human Career: Human Biological and Cultural Origins (3rd Edition, University of Chicago Press, 2009). He is a strong advocate of the idea that a radical change in human behavior about 50,000 years ago led modern Africans to spread to Eurasia where they rapidly replaced the Neanderthals and other non-modern people. He is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the National Academy of Sciences.
- KOENIG, Walt (Cornell University; UC Berkeley)
- Expertise: Behavioral Ecology; Social Behavior; Reproductive Strategies of Trees
Koenig was the research zoologist at Hastings Reservation, a field station in Carmel Valley, California run by the Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, UC Berkeley, from 1982 - 2008, and a Senior Scientist at the Lab of Ornithology and Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, from 2008-2016. His research has focused on the evolution of cooperative breeding in the acorn woodpecker and the evolution of mast-fruiting in California oaks. He returned to California in 2016 and currently lives once again in upper Carmel Valley, a short distance away from Hastings Reservation.
- LANGENHEIM, Jean (UC Santa Cruz)
- Expertise: Plant Resins: chemistry, evolution (including amber), Ecology (especially tropical trees) and Ethnobotany
MS; PhD 1953 University of Minnesota (major botany, minor geology); Research Associate, UC Berkeley, 1954 -59; Illinois, Urbana 1959-62; Radcliffe Institute, Harvard Research Fellow 1962-66; UCSC, Assistant Professor, 1966- Prof, 1973, Emeritus, 1993. Pres Association of Tropical Biology, 1985-86; Pres. International Society for Chemical Ecology, 1986-87; Pres. Ecological Soc of America, 1986-87; Pres. Society of Econ. Botany, 1993-94.
- LARSON, Ralph (San Francisco State University, retired)
- Expertise: California Marine Fish Ecology
Larson studied at Occidental College and UC Santa Barbara, where he began research on the ecology of nearshore fishes in California. He has been interested in the relationship between habitat and fish species composition in kelp forests, and has studied a number of aspects of the ecology of California rockfishes. Later, he became involved in the conservation of local fishes, and participated in the first effort to establish a network of marine reserves off California. He also taught a variety of courses at San Francisco State.
- LAWRY, James (retired)
- Expertise: Anatomy, Physiology, Vertebrates, Invertebrates
Lawry was raised in San Francisco and educated at Stanford University and UCSF in biology and medicine. After a full life of research and taking care of patients and teaching how exciting doing science can be, Jim writes plays and poetry. Books: Essential Concepts of Clinical Physiology (Sinauer) The Incredible Shrinking Bee: Insects as Models for Microelectromechanical Devices (Imperial College Press). Current poems: Anthroporcene’s End [sic], Fresnel’s Light, Beyond the Breakwater, Nudibranch Elegies. Plays: Otto’s Inferno (Retention of German atomic scientists in Farm Hall, England after WWII) and Xanadu, a Mathematical Farrago.
- LEBUHN, Gretchen (San Francisco State University)
- Expertise: Ecology, Citizen Science, Pollination
- LIDICKER, William Z. (University of California, Berkeley)
- Expertise: Ecology, Mammalogy, Behavior, Conservation Biology
Born in Illinois, Lipdicker lived in 8 different places before attending High School in NYC. An interest in birds, led him to Cornell University for a BS in 1953, followed by graduate work at the University of Illinois (MS 1954, PhD 1957). He joined the faculty at the University of California Berkeley (Zoology Department and Museum of Vertebrate Zoology) and progressed through the ranks to Full Professor and Curator of Mammals. His research and teaching has focused on ecology, mammalogy, behavior, genetics, and conservation biology. Lidicker has published 172 papers and 4 books in the scientific lliterature.
- LIGHTFOOT, Kent G. (University of California, Berkeley)
- Expertise: North American Archaeology, Colonialism, Human-Environmental Interactions
Kent Lightfoot is professor of Anthropology and Class of 1960 Chair in Undergraduate Education at the University of California, Berkeley. He also serves as the Curator of North American Archaeology in the Hearst Museum of Anthropology. Kent received his BA from Stanford University and his PhD from Arizona State University. He has undertaken archaeological work in New England, the American Southwest, Alaska, Hawaii, and the Pacific Coast of North America. His recent investigations have focused on the archaeology of colonialism, the shell mounds of the greater San Francisco Bay Area, and indigenous landscape management practices in Central California.
- LOWMAN, Meg (California Academy of Sciences)
- Expertise: Canopy Biology, Forest Conservation, Plant-insect interactions, Women/minorities in STEM
Nicknamed the “real-life Lorax” by National Geographic and “Einstein of the treetops” by Wall Street Journal, Meg Lowman pioneered the science of canopy ecology. Meg is affectionately called the mother of canopy research as one of the first scientists to explore this eighth continent. Her international network and passion for science have led her into leadership roles where she seeks best practices to solve environmental challenges and serves as a role model to women and minorities in science. At the California Academy of Sciences, Lowman has played a leadership role to integrate the priorities of sustainability and science communication into the existing research programs of the Institute of Biodiversity Science and Sustainability. Formerly a Professor at North Carolina State University and the founding director of North Carolina's innovative Nature Research Center (NRC), Lowman has served as a mentor to women and minorities in the workplace throughout her career. She has authored more than 100 peer-reviewed scientific publications, and her first book about her (mis)adventures as a woman in science, Life in the Treetops, received a cover review in the New York Times Sunday Book Review. Working tirelessly on sustainability initiatives at home and abroad, “CanopyMeg” was a Fulbright Senior Specialist Scholar to both India and Ethiopia, mentoring women as part of her global outreach.
- LYON, Bruce (University of California, Santa Cruz)
- Expertise: Behavioral Ecology, Evolution, Social Behavior, Reproductive Strategies
Lyon is a behavioral ecologist who studies the evolution of social behavior in birds. A main focus of his research concerns brood parasitism, including parasitism within and across species. He seeks to understand why this bizarre reproductive strategy evolves and the broader implications of parasitism for other aspects of social evolution. A second focus of his research is to understand the nature of social signals—what is the signal content (information or misinformation) and how do signals and social behavior co-evolve? He studies signal evolution in three main contexts: communication between parents and offspring; mating signals; and badges of status in wintering flocks of songbirds.
- MANCINELLI, Rocco (BAER Institute)
- Expertise: Microbial Ecology, Space Microbiology
My research interests are broad, encompassing ecology, physiology, biogeochemistry, and geochemistry. Specifically I study microbe-environment interactions with emphasis on the environmental limits in which organisms can live. I use four systems in these studies: 1) Halophiles in evaporitic salt crusts that form along the marine intertidal; 2) Microbial mats inhabiting diverse environments (e.g., the intertidal area of the Baja coast, the alkaline and acid hot springs of Yellowstone National Park, hypersaline lakes and the perennially ice-covered lakes in the dry valleys of Antarctica); 3) Areas where rock (desert) varnish occurs; and 4) The space environment in Earth orbit.
- MANGEL, Marc (University of California, Santa Cruz)
- Expertise: Mathematical Biology, with applications to Ecology and Evolution
Marc Mangel is Distinguished Research Professor at UC Santa Cruz. He uses quantitative methods to solve problems in ecology and evolutionary biology that are motivated by an important applied question and that require fundamental understanding. He has worked on Southern Ocean krill, Pacific salmon and rockfish, and insect parasitoids and biological control. He served as the Independent Scientific expert in the case in the International Court of Justice Whaling in the Antarctic: Australia v. Japan. He chairs the Board of Directors of FishWise, which works with commercial partners on improving the traceability and sustainability of their retail fish products.
- MATSON, Pamela (Stanford University)
- Expertise: Sustainability Science, Climate Change impacts, Science Leadership
- McCOSKER, John (California Academy of Sciences)
- Expertise: White sharks, Galapagos fishes, Snake eels and Moray eels, Salmonid conservation
John arrived at the Academy in 1973 as the Director of the Steinhart Aquarium, and subsequently occupied several positions including the Chair of Aquatic Biology until his retirement in 2014. He continues as an Emeritus Curator. Trained as an ichthyologist at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, his research has concerned aquatic animal evolution and behavior, particularly that of snake eels, moray eels, sharks, salmonids, and the fishes of the Galápagos Islands. His white sharks studies have resulted in technical and popular publications, books, and documentaries that have helped to formulate public safety policies and legislation to protect sharks.
- McGUIRE, Jimmy A. (University of California, Berkeley)
- Herpetology, Phylogenetics, Biogeography, Hummingbird comparative biology
McGuire is a professor of Integrative Biology and Curator of Herpetology in the Museum of Vertebrate Zoology at UC Berkeley. His primary research interests are in phylogenetics, biogeography, and comparative biology of reptiles, amphibians, and hummingbirds. His current research has two primary foci. The first involves application of phylogenetic and coalescent-based population genetic methods to Sulawesi and Lesser Sundas biogeography. The second is an investigation of the history of high-altitude adaptation in hummingbirds, which involves species-level phylogenetics, analysis of the molecular evolution of hummingbird globin genes, and respiratory physiological studies across altitudinal gradients in the Andes and North America.
- McHENRY, Henry M. (University of California, Davis)
- Expertise: Paleoanthropology, Plio-Pleistocene hominids, Human Evolution
Emeritus professor of Anthropology, UC Davis. PhD Harvard (1972).
- MENON, Gopinathan (Ashland Corporation)
- Expertise: Skin Biology, Electron Microscopy, Avian epidermis, Barrier functions of skin
Educated at University of Baroda, India (MS; PhD), Michigan State University , Dermatology Dept of UCSF , Cal Academy of Sciences (academic research in skin biology), Personal Care Industry experience (11 years at Global R & D of Avon Products, NY; International Specialty products / Ashland Specialty Ingredients (8 years) as Principal Research Fellow & head, Skin Biology research (Avon), and Senior Research Fellow (Ashland; Present). Honors/ Awards: Homi Bhabha Fellow (India), Fellow, Gordon Research Conference on Skin Barrier, Vice President, Pan Asia Pacific Society for Skin Barrier Research (2011), Chairman's award (2 times: Avon Products). Patents & Publications: 9 US patents (skin care products) Over 100 papers/ book chapters (vertebrate skin biology, transdermal drug delivery and Ornithology).
- MILLER, Kathy Ann (University of California, Berkeley)
- Expertise: Phycology, Systematics, California seaweeds
Miller earned her PhD at UC Berkeley and is the Curator of Algae for UC Berkeley's Herbarium. The California seaweed flora is her main research focus. She is interested in clarifying relationships among native species and also in identifying non-native species introduced to our harbors via mariculture and shipping. She has collected seaweeds throughout California, with a strong emphasis on the California Channel Islands. She is currently building an online eFlora, California Seaweeds, updating Abbott & Hollenberg's Marine Algae of California (1976). Teaching is important to Miller, especially field courses for college students and the public.
- MILTON, Katharine (University of California, Berkeley)
- Expertise: Primate Ecology, Diet and Human evolution, Phenology of tropical forest trees
Katharine Milton is a Professor in the Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management, College of Natural Resources, at the University of California Berkeley. Much of her research focuses on the dietary ecology and population dynamics of higher primates, and she has carried out fieldwork on howler monkeys, spider monkeys and woolly spider monkeys. With Montague Demment, she carried out the first study of the digestive kinetics of common chimpanzees. She has also worked extensively on the dietary ecology of six forest-based indigenous societies in the Brazilian Amazon. Milton has published >100 articles on her research findings as well as a book The Foraging Strategy of Howler Monkeys.
- MISHLER, Brent (University of California, Berkeley)
- Expertise: Bryophyte biology; Plant systematics; Phylogenetic biodiversity and Endemism studies
Brent Mishler is director of the University and Jepson Herbaria at UC Berkeley, as well as a professor in the Department of Integrative Biology, where he teaches phylogenetic systematics, plant diversity, and island biology. His general research interests can be grouped into two main areas: empirical studies of ecology, phylogeny, systematics, and development of mosses, and the theoretical basis of systematic and evolutionary biology. Recent data science interests include biodiversity informatics, especially digitization and databasing of biological collections; integration of collection data with phylogenetic, taxonomic, and ecological data; the production of electronic floras; and development of new methods for conservation assessment.
- MOOI, Rich (California Academy of Sciences)
- Expertise: Evolutionary Biology, Echinoderms, Coral Reefs, Art in science
Mooi received his BSc (1981), MSc (1983), and PhD.(1987) from the University of Toronto. He studies fossil and extant echinoderms (sea urchins, sand dollars, starfish, etc.) using biotic surveys from Antarctica and the Philippines to San Francisco Bay, submersibles in the Bahamas, and paleontology throughout the Pacific Northwest. He has 85+ papers on origins of radial symmetry in ancient echinoderms, Philippine sea urchin diversity, sources of deep-sea faunas, theory of phylogenetic systematics, origins of language, and unlocking the mystery of how odd creatures like starfish evolved from worm-like forms 1/2 billion years ago. He administers the Academy's undergraduate research and biological illustration internships, and helped create unique online biodiversity videos using the Khan Academy platform.
- MOONEY, Harold (Stanford University)
- Expertise: Global Change Biology, Biodiversity, Ecosystem Services, Ecosystems of California
- MORATTO, Michael J. (Applied EarthWorks, Inc.)
- Expertise: Archaeology, Cultural Resource Management, California Prehistory
Michael J. Moratto (PhD, RPA) is Principal Archaeologist with Applied EarthWorks, Inc. in California. Since the mid-1960s he has directed hundreds of projects involving archaeology and cultural resource management for government agencies and private-sector clients throughout the American West. A retired university professor, Dr. Moratto is a past president of local, statewide, and national professional societies. He has also served on the State Historical Resources Commission. Among his hundreds of publications, California Archaeology (1984, 2004) has been adopted widely as a textbook. In recognition of his professional accomplishments, Dr. Moratto has received numerous honors and awards from professional societies, universities, and civic organizations.
- MOYLE, Peter (University of California, Davis)
- Expertise: Freshwater and Alien fishes of California
Peter Moyle has been working on the ecology and conservation California's freshwater and estuarine fishes since 1969, culminating in Inland Fishes of California (2002, UC Press). He has co-authored numerous papers on the ecology, status and trends of California’s native and alien fishes. Ongoing research focuses on climate change, reconciliation ecology, salmonid conservation, and fishes of the Delta and Suisun Marsh. He is Distinguished Professor Emeritus in the Department of Wildlife Fish and Conservation Biology and associate director of the Center for Watershed Sciences, UC Davis.
- NIESEN, Thomas (San Francisco State University)
- Expertise: Population Ecology of Marine Invertebrates
- PACKARD, Richard (University of California, Berkeley)
- Expertise: Superfluid Helium
- PAPENFUSS, Theodore (University of California, Berkeley)
- Expertise: Amphibian and Reptile Ecology and Systematics
- PARENTI, Lynne R. (National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution)
- Expertise: Systematic Ichthyology, Comparative Biogeography, Reproductive Biology of Fishes
Parenti has been a Curator of Fishes and Research Scientist at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History since 1990. The underlying themes of her research program are the phylogeny, systematics, comparative morphology, and comparative, historical biogeography of bony fishes. Her current focus is on systematics and biogeography of freshwater and coastal marine fishes of the Indo-Pacific; use of new morphological characters in systematic ichthyology, especially neglected character sets; and the development of new tools for the collection and preservation of natural history specimens. Her recent field sites include Sulawesi, Indonesia, peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, and Hawaii.
- PARKER, Ingrid (University of California, Santa Cruz)
- Expertise: Plant Ecology, Invasion Biology, Conservation
Parker's lab studies a range of questions at the intersection of ecology and evolution, embracing both basic and applied systems. Much of her research is focused on understanding the causes, consequences, and dynamics of biological invasions, especially the effects of species interactions (e.g. plant disease, pollination, and microbial mutualisms) on plant invasions. She works in both tropical and temperate ecosystems, including in coastal California.
- PARKER, Thomas (San Francisco State University)
- Expertise: Plant Ecology; Evolutionary Ecology
Parker’s research investigates community and evolutionary ecology focused on plant community dynamics: chaparral seed banks, tidal wetland dynamics, seed dispersal and mutualisms, mycorrhizal ecology of forests and chaparral, and evolution of Arbutoideae and Arctostaphylos. He was the lead author for the treatment of Arctostaphylos in the Flora of North America and the 2nd edition of the Jepson Manual. His current research examines the role of rodent communities in the structure of Arctostaphylos seed banks in the context of fire. With collaborators, he is also pursuing genomic approaches to the evolution Arctostaphylos, a highly diverse woody chaparral dominant.
- PATTERSON, Robert (San Francisco State University)
- Expertise: Botany, Flora of California, Polemoniaceae
Bob’s a California native, earning a BA in Botany (1969) and PhD in Biology (1975) from UCSB, under the direction of Dale Smith. He joined the faculty of Biology at San Francisco State University in 1979, where he teaches Plant Taxonomy, Plant Anatomy, Plant Evolution & Diversity, Plants and Human Affairs, and a summer Sierra Nevada Flora course. His primary research focus is on systematic relationships in Leptosiphon and Linanthus (Polemoniaceae). He’s served on the Editorial Board of the Jepson Manual Project since 1983, and has contributed treatments for the flora North America. He has also supervised thirty MS students.
- PENDLETON, Yvonne (NASA Ames Research Center)
- Expertise: Organics in the Interstellar Medium, Origin and Evolution of dust and ice in space, Primitive bodies in the Solar System
Educated at UCSC (PHD Astrophysics), Stanford (MS Aero/Astro) and Georgia Institute of Technology (BAE Aerospace Engineering); hired by NASA as a research scientist 1979-present; Director of Solar System Exploration Research Virtual Institute 2013-present and NASA Lunar Science Institute 2010-2013; Deputy Associate Center Director of NASA Ames 2008-2010; awarded the NASA Outstanding Leadership Medal in 2015; Asteroid 7165 Pendleton named to honor her scientific contributions; explorer of space and the Earth's oceans as an avid scuba diver; avid teacher and communicator of science to people of all ages.
- PIETSCH, Theodore W. (University of Washington)
- Expertise: Biological Oceanography, Evolutionary Biology, Ichthyology,
Theodore W. Pietsch is Dorothy T. Gilbert Professor in the School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, College of the Environment, and curator of fishes at the Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture, University of Washington. He is interested primarily in marine ichthyology, especially the biosystematics, zoogeography, and behavior of deep-sea fishes, but his interests and experiences go well beyond, to include biotic survey and inventory of whole floras and faunas. He has also published extensively in the history of science.
- PISTER, Karl (University of California, Berkeley)
- Expertise: Science and Technology policy; Educational policy
Chancellor Emeritus, University of California, Santa Cruz; Dean of Engineering Emeritus and Professor of Engineering Emeritus, University of California, Berkeley; Former Vice President-Educational Outreach, University of California System; Chairman Emeritus, California Council on Science and Technology. Life Fellow, American Society of Mechanical Engineers International; Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science; Member, National Academy of Engineering.
- PLATNICK, Normam (American Museum of Natural History)
- Expertise: Spiders, Systematics
- POLLARD, Katherine (Gladstone Institutes & University of California, San Francisco)
- Expertise: Bioinformatics, Statistics, Comparative Genomics, Metagenomics
Pollard received her PhD from the UC Berkeley Division of Biostatistics, where she worked with Mark van der Laan and Sandrine Dudoit to develop computationally intensive statistical methods and open source software for analysis of gene expression data. As a postdoc in the labs of David Haussler and Todd Lowe in the Center for Biomolecular Science & Engineering at UC Santa Cruz, she pioneered comparative genomics approaches to identify the fastest evolving regions in the human genome. In 2005, she joined the faculty at the UC Davis Genome Center and Department of Statistics. She moved to Gladstone Institutes and UC San Francisco in 2008, where she now leads a group of labs focused on emerging technologies. Her research lab creates computational tools for biomedical big data, including studies of gene regulatory networks and the human microbiome.
- POTTS, Donald (University of California, Santa Cruz)
- Expertise: Coral Reef Ecology, Geology and History
Potts received his BSc from the University of Queensland and PhD from the University of California, Santa Barbara. Forty years of coral reef research on the Great Barrier Reef, Papua New Guinea, Hawaii and Midway Atoll. Two IODP (International Ocean Drilling Program) cruises investigated responses of the Great Barrier Reef to sea-level and climate changes since the Last Glacial Maximum, ca. 22,000 years ago (in 2010) and Miocene-Recent climatic and oceanographic history off the northwest coast of Australia (2015). Ongoing studies include: corals and algae in naturally acidified water off the Yucatan Peninsula (Mexico); laboratory acidification experiments; climate records in coral skeletons from Australia, Hawaii and Cuba; and societal attitudes about seawater desalination in southern California.
- PULAWSKI, Wojciech J. (California Academy of Sciences)
- Expertise: systematic of solitary wasp Sphecidae
Pulawski received his PhD at the Wroclaw University, Poland, in 1960 and was appointed Associated Professor there in 1980. He joined the California Academy of Sciences in 1981, and retired in 2011. For more than 50 years he has worked on the systematics of the sphecid wasps. He has published several monographs of individual genera on a continental or global scale. He collected solitary wasps extensively in Europe, North America, Asia, Africa, and Australia, and significantly contributed to the development of the CAS collection.
- PURCELL, Alexander (University of California, Berkeley)
- Expertise: Entomology, Microbiology, Plant Disease Ecology
BS, US Air Force Academy; Capt., US Air Force; PhD in Entomology, U.C. Davis, Professor Emeritus, U.C. Berkeley.
- RATHBUN, Galen (California Academy of Sciences)
- Expertise: Behavioral Ecology, African Mammals, Sengis or Elephant-shrews
Rathbun's research has focused on the behavioral ecology of vertebrates, conservation, and mammalian taxonomy. At the Academy, African small mammal ecology and taxonomy has been his research focus, especially sengis or elephant-shrews. To read more about his active research, please visitwww.rathbunX2.com. His early career focused on the conservation of Florida manatees, California sea otters, and several aquatic vertebrates, including California red-legged frogs and Pacific pond turtles. More recently, he collaborated in a long-term study of the impacts of cattle grazing on a community of San Joaquin Desert small vertebrates.
- RAVEN, Peter (Missouri Botanical Garden, Washington University in St. Louis, Emeritus)
- Expertise: Plant systematics and evolution, conservation, international science
Product of Student Section, CAS; SF native; 9 years at Stanford, 39 years St. Louis; about 20 academies of science, including NAS (1977), many honorary degrees, National Medal of Science (1990), popular texts in Botany, Biology, and Environment
- RESH, Vincent (University of California, Berkeley)
- Expertise: Freshwater Ecology, Water-borne vectors of disease, Water pollution, San Francisco Delta
Resh has taught at the University of California, Berkeley for 40 years. During that time he spent 3-4 months per year for 15 years with the World Health Organization working on river blindness (onchocerciasis) control in West Africa, and with the Mekong River Commission evaluating the effects of mainstem dams on the river in terms of water quality, biodiversity, and disease transmission. He also serves on the State of California's Delta Independent Science Board examining the science behind water decisions being made in California.
- RICHERSON, Peter J. (University of California, Davis )
- Expertise: Cultural Evolution, Human Ecology
Richerson is interested in the processes by which human cultures change over time and how genes and culture co-evolve. He and his coauthors use a modeling approach derived from evolutionary biology to study the abstract properties of cultural evolution. They apply insights from these models to try to understand the major events of human evolution such as why our lineage evolved our big brain and complex culture in the Pleistocene. Given how successful cultural adaptations have made us, why did this system not evolve in many lineages and long ago like internal skeletons and camera style eyes? We also test our models in laboratory experiments, ethnographic field work, historical data, and opinion surveys.
- RISCH, Neil (University of California, San Francisco)
- Expertise: Human Population Genetics, Genetic Epidemiology
Neil Risch, PhD is the Lamond Family Foundation Distinguished Professor in Human Genetics, Director of the Institute for Human Genetics, and Professor of Epidemiology and Biostatistics at the University of California, San Francisco. He is also an adjunct investigator at the Kaiser Permanente Northern California Division of Research. Dr. Risch’s research area is human population genetics, genetic epidemiology and statistical genetics. He has developed novel methods for discovering and characterizing genetic variants underlying disease predisposition, and has applied those methods to the discovery and characterization of genetic and environmental factors underlying a variety of disorders.
- ROTHSCHILD, Lynn (NASA Ames Research Center)
- Expertise: Evolution, Protistology, Astrobiology, Synthetic Biology
Dr. Lynn Rothschild has helped found astrobiology and synthetic biology at NASA. Her research focuses on how microbes have evolved in the context of the physical environment, both here and potentially elsewhere. Field sites range from Australia to Africa to the Andes, off Earth on balloons and in orbit. Rothschild has brought her expertise in extremophiles and evolutionary biology to the field of synthetic biology, demonstrating how synthetic biology can enhance NASA’s missions. Since 2011 she has been the faculty advisor of the Stanford-Brown award-winning iGEM team. Rothschild is a Fellow of the Linnean Society of London and the Explorers Club, and winner of the Isaac Asimov Award and Horace Mann Medal.
- SCOTCHMOOR, Judy (University of California Museum of Paleontology)
- Expertise: Education and Outreach
Judy retired after nearly 20 years as Assistant Director of the University of California Museum of Paleontology (UCMP), overseeing education and outreach. She began her career at UCMP as a volunteer in the fossil prep lab in 1993, following a long teaching career. With UCMP as a pioneer in web-based technology, she saw the potential of the Internet to share science with a broad and diverse audience and coordinated the development of the Understanding Evolution and Understanding Science websites. Among other honors, she was named an AAAS Science Fellow in 2009 “for leadership in defending teaching of evolution and quality science education."
- SCOTT, Eugenie C. (National Center for Science Education (retired))
- Expertise: Evolution Education; Science Denialism; Science and Religion; Science Communication
Eugenie Scott, PhD is the former Executive Director of the National Center for science Education. She has spent over 30 years defending the teaching of evolution in public schools. She is often called up on by the press for explanations of the nature of science in words normal people can understand. A recipient of the National Academy of Sciences Public Welfare Medal, its highest honor, she has been honored for her NCSE work by science organizations, education organizations, and by the awarding of 9 honorary degrees.
- SHAPIRO, Arthur M. (University of California, Davis)
- Expertise: Evolutionary Ecology, Biogeography, Speciation, Lepidoptera
BA (Biology) University of Pennsylvania, 1966. PhD(Entomology) Cornell, 1970. At UC Davis since 1971. Research on polyphenism, plant-insect interactions, introduced species, novel ecosystems, biogeography of Lepidoptera (especially Andean region and Patagonia). About 330 publications.
- SHELLHAMMER, Howard (San Jose State University)
- Expertise: Salt marsh harvest mouse, Giant Sequoia fire ecology
Professor Emeritus. Extensive trapping of salt marsh harvest mice in 1960s to 1990s. Ten summers of research in Giant Sequoias with three other proffesors at SJSU.
- SHEVOCK, Jim (California Academy of Sciences)
- Expertise: Moss diversity and Floristics
Shevock serves as a research associate in the Botany department at CAS. His primary research interests are the study of bryophytes (mosses and liverworts) that are seasonally submerged that are collectively called 'rheophytes'. He conducts expeditions every year to discover species either new to geographical regions or that are new to science. His work here at CAS is to further develop and increase the species diversity within the bryophyte herbarium through an active specimen exchange program with other institutions.
- SHOSTAK, Seth (SETI Institute)
- Expertise: Astronomy, Search for Extraterrestrial Life
Seth Shostak is Senior Astronomer at the SETI Institute and has degrees in physics and astronomy from Princeton and Caltech. He has a long history of research in radio astronomy and, since 1991, in the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, or SETI. In addition to his research, Seth has written 500 popular articles, hosts the SETI Institute’s weekly science radio show “Big Picture Science”, and has penned three books on astronomy and SETI.
- SMITH, Alan (University of California, Berkeley)
- Expertise: Systematics and Evolution of Ferns and Lycophytes
Smith's work includes monographic, cytotaxonomic, and phylogenetic work on several large families of neotropical ferns, especially Thelypteridaceae and Polypodiaceae; and floristic work on pteridophytes in Latin America, especially Mexico, Venezuela, Bolivia. Other collaborative projects include the study of relationships, based on morphological and molecular data, in polypodioid ferns, filmy ferns, and blechnoid ferns. Smith identify ferns from throughout the world, for colleagues and herbaria, and curate fern collections in the UC/JEPS herbaria.
- SMITH, Edmund (University of California, Davis)
- Expertise: Behavioral response fish and invertebrates to toxic substances; Functional Morphology of Mollusca; Reproductive Physiology of fish and invertebrates
Smith's experience encompasses teaching and research in the academic field, working in and with the private sector, as well as participation in the development of regulatory and public policy as a state and national level. He was trained as an aquatic biologist and has done extensive specialized work in animal behavior and toxicology. For over 45 years, Smith has worked on projects on a local, national and international level encompassing a wide range of environmental parameters.
- SMITH, Thomas (University of California, Los Angeles)
- Expertise: Tropical biodiversity, conservation, evolution in human altered environments, ecology of disease
Thomas Smith is the founding director of the Center for Tropical Research, Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, a professor in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at UCLA and a member of the National Geographic Committee for Research and Exploration. Smith has more than 30 years of experience working in the tropics and oversees a host of research projects worldwide. A central focus of his research investigates how biodiversity is generated and maintained in rainforests and approaches to conserving them. He has received more than a dozen academic honors for his work.
- STEVENS, Calvin (San Jose State University)
- Expertise: Sedimentary Geology, Stratigraphy and Paleontology
Stevens earned a BA in 1956 and a MA in 1958 from University of Colorado. He worked for Humble Oil Co. for several years; then attended the University of Southern California, receiving a PhD in 1963. After, he taught geology at San Jose State University until full retirement in 1998. His research concentrated on the sedimentology, stratigraphy, paleontology, and structural evolution of primarily Paleozoic rocks in eastern California, and the origin of allochthonous terranes bearing Permian rocks occurring along the western United States.
- STRAUSS, Sharon (University of California, Davis)
- Expertise: Evolutionary Ecology, Community Ecology, Plant Ecology
Sharon Strauss is an evolutionary ecologist, graduating from Harvard (AB), the University of Minnesota (MSc) and from Florida State University (PhD). She has been on the faculty of University of California, Davis since 1994, and is currently Chair of Evolution and Ecology. Her work focuses on plants and the organisms that interact with them, and how short and long-term evolutionary processes affect current ecology.
- STROTHER, John L. (University of California, Berkeley)
- Expertise: Botany, Taxonomy, Compositae
- SULLIVAN, Raymond (San Francisco State University)
- Expertise: Stratigraphy, Petroleum Geology
Professor Emeritus of Geology. Employed and consulted with oil companies including Shell Oil, Sohio, and Chevron in western Canada, Alaska and California. Research includes the oil shales in Green River Basin, Wyoming; Tertiary geology of the Sacramento Valley and Mt Diablo. Present research is focusing on the mid Tertiary times when the plate motion changed from subduction to transform. Dating tephra deposits and studying the palynological samples will provide ecological and climatic data. These include timing the change from subtropical climate of the Eocene to the present day temperate; and dating the last marine invasion into the Sacramento Valley.
- TANG, Carol (Children's Creativity Museum)
- Expertise: Marine Paleontology and Paleoecology, Learning in museums and aquaria, Children and Technology, Science Education
Carol is the Executive Director of SF's Children's Creativity Museum. She previously oversaw exhibition development and museum programming for the 2008 opening of the Academy. She was a recipient of California's Leading Women in STEM award in 2012 and served as a consultant for the US Department of Education's 21st Century Community Learning Centers STEM group. She is a member of the Board of Directors for the National Afterschool Association and How Kids Learn. She has a Ph.D. in paleontology and is the author of several Encylopaedia Britannica articles on the Jurassic.
- TANNER, Kimberly (San Francisco State University)
- Expertise: Biology Education, Neuroscience, Education Research, Science Misconceptions
Dr. Kimberly Tanner is a tenured Professor of Biology at San Francisco State University where she directs SEPAL – the Science Education Partnership and Assessment Laboratory. Her research in biology education holds the promise of revealing insights that can guide improvement of biology education at all levels. Trained as a research neurobiologist, Dr. Tanner has been nationally and internationally recognized for both her research and her teaching in biology, including receiving the National Outstanding Undergraduate Science Teacher Award from the Society for College Science Teachers and being invited faculty for the Latin American School for Education, Cognitive, and Neural Sciences.
- TAUBER, Catherine A. (Cornell University & University of California, Davis)
- Expertise: Evolutionary Biology and Systematics of Neuroptera Insect seasonal cycles
- TAYLOR, John (University of California, Berkeley)
- Expertise: Evolution of Fungi
Taylor and his group at Berkeley use DNA variation to study fungal evolution from phylogeny to population genomics. He has served as chair of his division, President of the Mycologial Society of America (MSA) and the International Mycological Association. He has been awarded the Lucile Georg Medal of the International Association of Human and Animal Mycology, the Rhoda Benham Medal of the Medical Mycological Society of the Americas, the Alexopoulos Prize and Distinguished Mycologist Award of the Mycological Society of America and the J. A. von Arx Award for Research of the Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures.
- TOON, Brian (University of Colorado)
Toon is a Professor at the University of Colorado, in the Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences. His work involves climate changes due to volcanic eruptions, long time scale evolution of the atmosphere of Earth and Mars, climate change due to rising CO2 levels, and changing values of the sun's output, and the climates of the planets- especially Mars.
- TRENT, Jonathan (OMEGA Global Initiative/NASA)
- Expertise: Sustainable water-food-energy, Marine Science, Extremophile Microbiology
After earning a PhD at Scripps Institution of Oceanography, Jonathan Trent did research at Max Planck Institute for Biochemistry (Germany), Copenhagen University (Denmark), University of Paris (France), Boyer Center for Molecular Medicine at Yale Medical School (USA), Argonne National Laboratory, and most recently at NASA Ames Research Center. Jonathan’s research has included marine microbiology (marine snow), astrobiology (extremophile adaptations), nanotechnology (self-assembled bio-nanostructures), and sustainability (OMEGA project for energy, food, and potable water). He is the founder and Director of the OMEGA Global Initiative and an adjunct professor at UC Santa Cruz and Tokyo University for Agriculture and Technology.
- TUCKER, Brian (GeoHazards International)
- Natural Disaster risk reduction in the world's most vulnerable communities
Brian Tucker received a BA in Physics from Pomona College, a PhD in Earth Sciences from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California, San Diego and a Masters in Public Policy from Harvard University. He headed the Geologic Hazards Programs of the California Geological Survey from 1982 to 1991. In 1991, he founded GeoHazards International, a nonprofit organization working to reduce the risk of natural hazards in the world’s most vulnerable communities through preparedness, mitigation and advocacy.
- VALENTINE, James (University of California, Berkeley)
- Expertise: Paleobiology, Biodiversity Regulation, Macroevolution
PhD in Geology 1958. Geology faculty University of Missouri, UC Davis, UC Santa Barbara, Integrative Biology faculty UC Berkeley, retired from teaching 2003, but continue active research program and writing (200+ papers, 5 books).
- VERMEIJ, Geerat J. (University of California, Davis)
- Expertise: Evolution, Paleobiology, Malacology, Plants
Geerat J. Vermeij is a professor of earth and planetary sciences at the University of California at Davis. Blind from the age of three, he graduated from Princeton in 1968 and received his PhD in biology from Yale in 1971. An evolutionary biologist and paleontologist, he studies living and fossil molluscs. He started writing about his Escalation hypothesis in the 1970s. He received a MacArthur Fellowship in 1992. In 2000 Vermeij was awarded the Daniel Giraud Elliot Medal from the National Academy of Sciences. In 2006 he received the Paleontological Society Medal. He was a member of the Board of Trustees at the California Academy of Sciences from 2006-2015. His books include Evolution and Escalation: An Ecological History of Life, A Natural History of Shells, Privileged Hands, Nature: An Economic History, and The Evolutionary World: How Adaptation Explains Everything from Seashells to Civilization.
- WAINWRIGHT, Peter (University of California, Davis)
- Expertise: Evolution, Ecology, and Functional Morphology of Fishes
BS 1980 Duke University, PhD 1988 University of Chicago, Assistant Professor - Associate Professor Florida State University 1991-1998, University of California, Davis 1999-Present. Professor, Department of Evolution and Ecology. 2015-2017. President, Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology.
- WARD, Peter (University of Washington Seattle)
- Expertise: Nautilus biology, Deepwater reefs, Mass extinctions, Cretaceous ammonites
Ward was elected to the Academy in 1984 and has conducted research at Steinhart Aquarium. He regularly uses CAS collections in my research. He is undertaking long term monitoring of the deep water areas in the Philippine Islands and Papua New Guinea
- WARD, Philip (University of California, Davis)
- Expertise: Systematics and Evolution of Ants; Biogeography; Speciation
- WASHBURN, Dorothy K. (University Museum, University of Pennsylvania)
- Expertise: Analysis of archaeological and ethnographic geometric design by plane pattern symmetries. Interpretation of patterns as cultural metaphors.
BA Oberlin College, American History. PhD Columbia University, Anthropology. Past appointments: Miller Fellowship, UC Berkeley; Curator, Dept Anthropology, California Academy of Sciences; NSF Visiting Prof for Women in Sciences; teaching at U. Hawaii, U. Rochester, SUNY Brockport, Maryland Institute College of Art; Curator exhibits at Cal Academy, Textile Museum, Washington and University of Pennsylvania Museum; Research fellow at Peabody Museum, Harvard, Univ. Arizona, Univ. Pennsylvania. Collaborations with mathematician and experimental psychologist re: analysis of patterns by plane pattern symmetries. Research focus on analysis of ceramic design of prehistoric Pueblos of American Southwest. Also studied patterns on Laotian textiles, Neolithic ceramics, California Indian baskets, Bakuba raffia, Basketmaker sandals and baskets, prehispanic patterns on Mexican and Peruvian ceramics, textiles and stonework. Analysis of prehistoric Hopi ritual murals; cultural metaphors in Hopi and Cora ritual songs.
- WEMMER, Chris (Honorary Fellow)
- Expertise: Mammals, Ecology, Behavior
Wemmer directed the development of the National Zoo's Conservation & Research Center for 30 years, and worked with a talented staff to augment programs in reproductive physiology, ecology, education, and zoo biology. Training developing country nationals in conservation biology and wildlife management led to overseas projects on endangered species and protected area conservation, mainly in Asia. A sister program in zoo biology built capacity of zoo personnel Latin America, north Africa and Asia. Captive breeding and research were primary missions of the center, which evolved into the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute.
- WILLIAMS, Gary (California Academy of Sciences)
- Expertise: Marine Biology, Invertebrate Zoology
Research interests include the systematics and evolutionary biology of octocoral (soft corals, gorgonians, and pennatulaceans), which comprise 65% of all coral species diversity. Fieldwork is currently focused on two bathymetrically opposite regions of the world's oceans: coral reefs of the tropical western Pacific (the Philippines, Melanesia, and Micronesia), and the deep-sea benthos (particularly the west coast of North America and various deep ocean basins worldwide). Scuba diving is essential to my coral reef research since the highest diversity of octocorals is found between about 3 and 35 meters in depth, while ROV's (Remote Operational Vehicles) are of primary importance in deep-sea research.
- ZACHOS, James (University of California, Santa Cruz)
- Expertise: Paleoceanography, Paleoclimatology, Stratigraphy
Zachos studies the impacts of past episodes of greenhouse warming and ocean acidification.
- ZARE, Richard N. (Stanford University)
- Expertise: Chemistry, Physics, Physical Sciences
Zare is the Marguerite Blake Wilbur in Natural Science, Stanford University. Some big thrills in his life have been receiving the National Medal of Science (1983) from President Ronald Reagan and the President's Award for Excellence in Science and Engineering Mentoring (2012) from President Obama.