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Catalog of Fishes - version of 3 December 2018 (Continually updated since the early 1980s, around the turn of the month.)

In this edition, we provide 383 new species in 2018. In 2017 there were 472 new species described.

Bill Eschmeyer, Florida Museum of Natural History, 1659 Museum Road, Gainesville, FL 32611 USA and California Academy of Sciences. weschmeyer@calacademy.org


Family Group Names

We are making additions to:

Van der Laan, R., W. N. Eschmeyer & R. Fricke 2014 (11 Nov.), Family-group names of Recent fishes. Zootaxa Monograph 3882 (1), 1-230. DOI 10.11646/zootaxa.3882.1.1

Download the addenda to the family-group list as a PDF.

See Family Group Names for future updates by R. van der Laan.

Unavailable names

By default, search results will not include item 3 names -- unavailable names that detract from the main list of available names. These are mostly names mentioned in synonymy, names in lists, etc. They are still in the database, so if you want to see them, check the box labeled Include unavailable names before searching.

Citing the Catalog of Fishes

Fricke, R., Eschmeyer, W. N. & R. van der Laan (eds) 2018. CATALOG OF FISHES: GENERA, SPECIES, REFERENCES.(http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp). Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2018.

Fricke, R. (ed) 2018. REFERENCES. (http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp). Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2018. [Ron Fricke devoted much time to improving references and journals, many of which had not been examined in 15 to 25 years. Please remember that the title of a paper often differs in three places: the title on the paper itself, the contents listed by the journal, and in the PDF provided by the journal. Ron tends to follow the title on the pdf for recent papers and the title on the original for earlier publications. Many of our dates of publication are documented for priority purposes. Some current journals have a target date, but actual publication is often delayed. For nomenclatural date problems, we will help if we can.]

van der Laan, R. & Fricke, R. 2018 FAMILY-GROUP NAMES. (http://www.calacademy.org/scientists/catalog-of-fishes-family-group-names/). Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2018.

van der Laan, R., Fricke, R. & Eschmeyer, W. N. (eds) 2018. CATALOG OF FISHES: CLASSIFICATION. (http://www.calacademy.org/scientists/catalog-of-fishes-classification/).Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2018.

Fricke, R. & Eschmeyer, W. N. 2018 JOURNALS. (http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/journals.asp). Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2018.[Includes all journals appearing in the Catalog, including publication information and ISSN numbers.]

Fricke, R. & Eschmeyer, W. N. 2018 GUIDE TO FISH COLLECTIONS. (http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/collections.asp). Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2018. [Arranged by museum abbreviation and by country, includes type catalogs and historical publications and www sites where available.]

Fricke, R., Eschmeyer, W. N. & Fong, J. D. 2018 SPECIES BY FAMILY/SUBFAMILY. (http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/SpeciesByFamily.asp).Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2018. [Recalculated with each new version; based on current literature, this provides all available species names, valid species, and species described in the last 10 years by family/subfamily.]

Other participants are Dennis Polack (Data Analyst), Nicolas Bailly (Data Analyst), Richard van der Laan (Freshwater Fishes Specialist), Thomas Litz (Aquarium Species/Literature Specialist), and Dan Zimberlin (Data Analyst). Jon Fong prepares the online versions and does other programming tasks.

Please remember that if you got to the Catalog of Fishes from Fishbase, you are NOT in Fishbase. Fishbase is a more comprehensive database for a different audience, but they use Catalog of Fishes information in their authority file.

Some other useful sites for fishes are (1) Fishbase [Fishbase team, Manila]; (2) www.stri.org/sftep -- A comprehensive database on Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific (and of the Western Atlantic) [Ross Robertson]; (3) shark-references.com -- A database on elasmobranchs, with over 13,000 references, information on taxa, type specimens, etc. [Jürgen Pollerspöck]; (4) FishWisePro.com -- a comprehensive relational database of more than 99,350 scientific species name combinations and over 34,300 well-identified (mostly marine) fish pictures [Dennis Polack]; (5) Freshwater Fish List, 23rd edition December 2017 by Richard Van der Laan; (6) ETYFish Project (derivations of Fish Names) by Christopher Scharpf; and (7) BioStor, for Biodiversity Heritage Library references. A very useful site is Worldfish.de [not associated with Fishbase or Worldfish]. Maintained by Michal Mikšik and Erwin Schraml. They post new fish taxa and references as they are published.


A summary paper was published in 2010 from the Catalog of Fishes database that might be of interest to users of the Catalog. "Marine fish diversity: history of knowledge and discovery (Pisces)." By William N. Eschmeyer, Ronald Fricke, Jon D. Fong & Dennis A. Polack. Zootaxa, no. 2525:19-50 (2 July 2010, open access, click title to download).

About 384 new species were described in 2014. As always, notifying us of missed original descriptions and errors in the database or providing PDFs of recent papers is most welcome.

Bill Eschmeyer edited type localities and standardized many place names. Our style is to use current place names found on an English map (or from Wikipedia and Google sites). Should you need original localities, they can be found in the original descriptions or from particular museum holdings (often online).

Many scientific names of fish species are based on personal names; some were found to be incorrect. For example, Jordan and co-workers spelled Japanese names ending in "a" with a terminal "e" as in matsubarae; that is acceptable, with the name Latinized first. So those names do not end in "i". Remarks are provided by Eschmeyer in this version for most species based on personal names. For a review of this very technical subject, see Dubois 2007: Zootaxa No. 1550:49-68.

New treatment of synonyms: Often an author revises a genus and treats a species in detail but does not mention the species synonyms (if any). If he/she does not mention the synonyms (rather common in recent treatments) and moves the valid “parent” species to a different genus, do we move the synonyms automatically, although the revising author may not have studied or assessed the synonyms? In the past, we did not move the synonyms. Typically, this often resulted in the synonyms being in a different current genus than the valid parent species. We now move the synonyms to the genus of the valid parent species, but no “status reference” showing the new generic placement is found with the synonym. Some synonyms will be moved incorrectly, but it is considered more desirable to have the potential synonyms in the same current genus as the valid parent species.

Some conventions used in the Catalog

Author plus date and a species code: The code of Zoological Nomenclature does not require a comma between the author and date, only a suggestion. In fact, we consider that confusing as that is traditionally used to show a cited reference in journal publications and not a species authorship and date. Genus+species+author+date (with parentheses as needed) is a (nearly) unique code or formula to define every species [2 known exceptions]. So you will find no comma between the author and date. Some journals are now treating species in this way.

Figures: Under a new species heading, some journals list (a) only the major figure, some list (b) all figures (including maps, habitats and graphs), and (c) some give figures showing the full view and any illustrated parts of the species. We give all figures that show a full view and any anatomical part of the species, so our listing of figures often differs from the treatment by a journal in the original description (as listed in the species heading).

Type localities: We give a current place name that one will find on a Google search or in an “English” atlas. For some species described many years ago, one may find both the original locality and in parentheses a modern name for that locality. Many collections now have their holdings on-line, and it is there one can usually find the actual original locality if needed. Current localities are often augmented by additional information, such as coordinates.

Authors: We have added initials in brackets to distinguish all individual authors of genera and species.

Other sections

Species of Fishes by Family/Subfamily -- Total valid taxa reflect new taxa added minus taxa moved into synonymy plus taxa newly moved to valid. The classification is as used in the Catalog of Fishes. Prepared by Bill Eschmeyer and Jon Fong, with modifications by Richard van der Laan.

Family-Group Names -- Priority applies to Family-group names. It did not in early years. As classifications are refined with use of more subfamilies and tribes, it is required to use the oldest available family-group name for these new taxa.

Ichthyological Collections -- Presented are those specimen collections mentioned in the main Catalog of Fishes database, especially as repositories of type specimens. Besides museum names and abbreviations, this includes WWW sites, cross-referencing of abbreviations, and selection of museums by country, along with type catalogs, historical articles, name changes, transfers, and other items for individual collections. Prepared by Ron Fricke and Bill Eschmeyer.

Ichthyological Journals -- There are nearly 2600 individual journals or monograph series in the Catalog of Fishes database. We provide full citations, and other information such as changes in titles, published duration, ISSN numbers, WWW sites, etc. Prepared by Ron Fricke and Bill Eschmeyer.


Acknowledgments for Ron Fricke (2018): Sylvain Adnet, Henry Agudelo Zamora, Gastón Aguilera, Hugo Aguirre, K. V. Akhilesh, Malek Ali, Gerry Allen, William D. Anderson Jr., Marcelo Andrade, Arturo Angulo, Débora Antonetti, Dmitry Astakhov, Valter Monteiro de Azevedo Santos, Mercedes Azpelicueta, Andrey Balanov, Arcady Balushkin, Rafael Bañón, Ronaldo Borges Barthem, Esra Bayçelebi, Philippe Béarez, Mauro Belleggia, David Bellwood, Waldir Berbel-Filho, Manuel Biscoito, Nickolai Bochkarev, Kai Borkenhagen, Philippe Borsa, Ricardo Britzke, Heraldo Britski, David Bruton, Christopher Burridge, Guamuchirai Chakona, Priscila Camelier, Emily Capuli, John Caruso, Alfredo Carvalho Filho, Fernando Carvalho, Lilian Casatti, Jorge Casciotta, Carine Chamon, Bruno Chanet, Chen Xiaoyong, Natalia Chernova, Satoru Chiba, Junior Chuctaya, Erdogan Çiçek, Todd Clardy, Bruce Collette, Fenton Cotterill, Matthew Craig, Edgar Cruz, Ross Daley, David De Weirdt, Carlos Donascimiento, Laura Donin, Guy Duhamel, Guilherme Dutra, Yury Dyldin, David Ebert, Anthony Echelle, Marco Endruweit, Semih Engin, Deniz Ergüden, Neil Evenhuis, Sergei Evseenko, Manuela Faulatano, Luis Fernández, Carl Ferraris Jr., Flávia de Figueiredo Petean, Brit Finucci, Nelson Ferreira Fontoura, Ben Frable, Rui Freitas, Jörg Freyhof, Mehdi Ghanbarifardi, Christos Gkenas, Ofer Gon, Mariano González-Castro, Steven Grant, David Greenfield, Salim Serkan Güçlü, Erick Guimarães, Bruno Guinand, Renny Hadiaty, Mohammad Eusuf Hasan, Elisabeth Henschel, Eric Hilton, Douglass F. Hoese, Wen-Chien Huang, Hisashi Imamura, Isaäc Isbrücker, Priscila Ito, A. K. Jaiswar, Dušan Jelić, Misel Jelić, Hichem Kara, Emma Karmovskaya, Subodha Kumar Karna, Evgeniya Karpova, Yuri Kartavtsev, Axel Katz, Cüneyt Kaya, Philippe Keith, Jin-Koo Kim, Keita Koeda, Ad Konings, Maurice Kottelat, Marcelo Kovačić, Yoshinori Kumazawa, Hyuck Joon Kwun, Boyd Kynard, Kosygin Laishram, Kuldeep Lal, Lalramliana, Samuel Lalronunga, Anton Lamboj, Vladimir Laptikhovsky, Boni Amin Laskar, Pablo Lehmann, Jeff Leis, Li Chenhong, Thomas Litz, Marina Loeb, Alejandro Londoño-Burbano, Hernán López-Fernández, Carlos de Lucena, Raphael Macieira, Luiz Malabarba, Javier Maldonado Ocampo, Fatih Mangιt, L. G. Manilo, Alexandre Marceniuk, Tiiu Märss, Rene Martin, Wilfredo Matamoros, Mizuki Matsunuma, Bruno Melo, Naercio Menezes, Marion Mennesson, Michal Mikšík, Michael Miller, Michael Mincarone, Meera Mohandas, Anil Mohapatra, Vindhya Mohindra, Timo Moritz, Takahiko Mukai, Thomas Munroe, Nozomu Muto, Béla Nagy, Mikhail Nazarkin, Heok Hee Ng, Jørgen Nielsen, Annamaria Nocita, Makoto Okamoto, Francesc Ordines, Adnan Çağlar Oruç, Müfit Özuluğ, Larry Page, Antoine Pariselle, Eric Parmentier, Carla Pavanelli, Edson Pereira, Paulo Petry, Lubomír Piálek, Gianluca Polgar, Alakesh Pradhan, Jayasimhan Praveenraj, Bronwen Presswell, Artem Prokofiev, Francisco Provenzano, Quang Vo Van, M. P. Rajeeshkumar, Roberto Reis, Claude Renaud, R. K. Renjith, Oldřich Říčan, Baruch Rinkevich, Tyson Roberts, Subal Roul, Sanmitra Roy, Lukas Rüber, Barry Russell, Harumi Sakai, Cláudio Sampaio, Takashi Satoh, Ivan Sazima, Christopher Scharpf, Ray Schmidt, Nalani Schnell, Erwin Schraml, Hiroshi Senou, Bernard Séret, Esmaile Shakman, Boris Sheiko, Takaashi Shimizu, Valentina Sideleva, Raimundo da Silva, Thiago Silva Loboda, Cárlison Silva-Oliveira, Paul Skelton, Veronica Slobodian, William Smith-Vaniz, Hiranya Sudasinghe, Tan Heok Hui, Tang Wenqiao, Donald Taphorn, James van Tassell, Azad Teimori, Mônica de Toledo-Piza, Shinishi Tomiyama, Luke Tornabene, Costas Tsigenopoulos, Katsumi Tsukamoto, Sezginer Tuncer, Davut Turan, Pero Tutman, Katerina Vasil'eva, Diego Vaz, Yeğen Vedat, Leo Venerus, Kirill Vinnikov, Waikhom Vishwanath, Olga Voskoboinikova, Emmanuel Vrewen, Will White, Kunto Wibowo, Mark Wilson, Kirk Winemiller, Peter Wirtz, David Woodland, Mark Wuenschel, Lei Yang, Angela Zanata, Cassandra Zannaki, Cláudio Zawadzki, Ee Zhang, Jiang Zhou, Mikhail Zhukov, Dan Zimberlin.

Acknowledgments for Richard van der Laan (2018): Gastón Aguilera, Nicolás Álvarez-Pliego, Carlos Ardila Rodríguez, David Boyd, Patrick Ciccotto, Kendall Clements, Toby Daly-Engel, Fabio di Dario, David Ebert, André Esguícero, Ben Frable, Daniel Fromm, Elaine Heemstra, Hans Ho, Jean Huber, Axel Katz, Steen Knudsen, Stefan Koerber, Paul van der Laan, Eliseo Lescún, Thomas Litz, Nathan Lujan, James Maclaine, Will Matamoros, Michal Mikšík, Dirk Neumann, Larry Page, Dennis Polack, Ross Robertson, Mark Sabaj, Chris Scharpf, Erwin Schraml, Leo Smith, Bill Smith-Vaniz, John Sullivan, Peter Unmack, Jouke van der Zee, Dan Zimberlin and Elsbeth Zwart.

Acknowledgments for Bill Eschmeyer (2018): Nicolas Alvarez-Pliego, Jonathan Armbruster, Nicolas Bailly-coff, José Milton Barbosa, David A. Boyd, Ralf Britz, Dave Catania, Patrick Ciccotto, Kevin Conway, Matthew Craig, Carlos Donascimiento, Ilana Fichberg, Benjamin Frable, Uiblein Franz, Tom Fraser, Martin Gomon, Wouter Holleman, P. Alexander Hulley, Howard Jelks, Sven Kullander, Thomas Litz, Alejandro Londoño-Burbano, Hugo López, Paulo Lucinda, John Lundberg, James Maclaine, Mizuki Matsunuma, Mark McGrouther, Michal Mikšík, Hiroyuki Motomura, Jørgen Nielsen, Michael Norén, Makoto Okamoto, Michael Oliver, Felipe Ottoni, Larry M. Page, Paolo Parenti, Arturo Acero Pizarro, Dennis Polack, Stuart Poss, Roberto E. Reis, Tyson Roberts, Ross Robertson, Rob Robins, Mark Sabaj, Christopher Scharpf, David G. Smith, Maria Laura de Souza Delapieve, John Sullivan, Alfred Thomson, Diego F. B. Vaz, William White, Richard Winterbottom and Dan Zimberlin.

Academy Contributors

Curator of Ichthyology, Emeritus

Other Contributors

Ron Fricke, Richard van der Laan.


Ichthyology at the Academy RR

Ichthyology at the Academy

The Department of Ichthyology is home to one of the largest and most important collections of fishes in the world, and is designated as one of eight International Centers for Ichthyology in North America. Meet the researchers, explore projects and expeditions, and more.