Food, water, energy—we need solutions to the environmental issues of our day.
Are your students ready to tackle a water conservation issue at home or in their school? The following guide will help you facilitate a structured design challenge in your classroom related to water use at home, at school, or in the community.
This is the final activity in the Flipside Science: Fresh Solutions unit. Before implementing this design challenge in your classroom, it is recommended you start with the preceding activities in the unit.
If you are using this design challenge independently of the unit, your students can become more familiar with issues surrounding our global food system and some proposed solutions by watching the Fresh Solutions videos.
‘Design thinking’ is a structured method that can be used to create a product, or to develop and implement solutions to a problem. Through the design thinking process, students can “learn to sharpen the focus of problems by precisely specifying criteria and constraints of successful solutions, taking into account not only what needs the problem is intended to meet, but also the larger context within which the problem is defined, including limits to possible solutions” (Engineering Design in the NGSS for Middle School).
The goal of this design challenge is for students to practice design thinking and how to structure a design process. Honing one’s skills in the design thinking process takes a lot of practice!
The Design Challenge Levels outlined below are adapted from Design for Change’s design thinking toolkit. Each level can be printed off and given to students as a handout as they work through the challenge. Encourage students to keep track of their ideas and progress in a design notebook or on a blog.
Encourage your students to brainstorm together water use and conservation issues that they would feel empowered to tackle either at home, at school, or in their broader community. You can make this a whole class discussion, small group brainstorm, or individual homework. Check out examples of design challenge water topics on the Water Topic Design Challenge Spectrum that vary from one day challenges to week-long challenges.
Students should work through the challenge in groups. Choosing a challenge that incorporates the whole class can not only help your students build teamwork skills, but can bring comradery to your classroom as your students empower not only each other, but youth outside of their own communities through the sharing of their designs.
Print out the following design thinking levels as individual worksheets for your students:
Think about the different groups that you are a part of: your family, your school, your city, your extracurricular clubs or sports teams, etc. Think about the water conservation issues that might be present in one of these groups. Do your family members leave the water on while brushing their teeth? Do the sprinklers on your school grounds spray a lot of water into the air?
How do you get a feel for the situation? Discuss the following issues with your group, and keep track of your progress in your design notebooks or on your design challenge blog.
- Choose an issue to focus on. Consider how much time you have to complete this design challenge.
- Observe what’s going on and who is involved.
- Reflect on what you notice and what concerns you.
- What do you already know about the issue? What do you need to find out?
- Interview those affected by the issue. Ask them questions to better understand what inspires and motivates them, what they value, and what their constraints are.
Imagining change means brainstorming the possibilities. And the possibilities multiply when you can brainstorm without constraints. Thinking outside of the box and sharing your ideas can lead to highly successful and perhaps unforeseen solutions.
How do you decide on a design? Discuss the following issues with your group, and keep track of your progress in your design notebooks or on your design challenge blog.
- Set yourself a time limit and brainstorm as many ideas as you can. Really go for it! Set a goal- 10, 20, 100 ideas? Make a list or draw pictures of anything that comes to mind, no matter how silly or impossible it might seem.
- Share your ideas with others. Can any of your ideas be combined with someone else’s? Are there common themes or categories that your ideas can be organized into?
- Vote on a subset of solutions. Draw out the pros and cons of each solution.
- Vote on the best solution.
Put your hard hats on! Now is the time to get to work. Remind yourself why you have accepted this challenge! What is motivating you to design a solution? Who is going to benefit or be impacted by your solution?
What do you need to take action? Discuss the following points with your group, and keep track of your progress in your design notebooks or on your design challenge blog.
- Make a list of what resources you will need (supplies AND people) and where/how you will get them.
- Draw up a plan for the steps that you will take to achieve your goal.
- Divide up the work.
- Draw up a timeline for your plan and set goals for completion.
- Make it happen! Implement your plan.
- Reflect on what happened. What worked? What didn’t work? What could you change? What did you learn?
Congratulations on completing your design! You should be proud of your accomplishment and want to share it with others. Think about a time when someone else’s inspiring story has motivated you to take action. Inspire others to make changes and design solutions by sharing your own experience! How will you empower others? Discuss the following points with your group, and keep track of your progress in your design notebooks or on your design challenge blog.
- Share your story at a school assembly.
- Publish a blog that other youth can read.
- Create a Facebook page to showcase your project.
- Share your experience on Twitter. Encourage others to use the same hash tag to share their stories.
- Post a short video onto Youtube about your solution.
- Present your solution to the Principal or at a local community meeting.
- Send your findings to your local newspaper, or invite a journalist in to your classroom.
Watch stories of successful design thinking challenges in the classroom (from the Teaching Channel):
- STEM Design Challenge: Edible cars
- Roller Coaster Physics: STEM in Action
- Scooter Design Challenge: Newton’s 3rd Law in Action
Or, read these stories:
- Creative Thinking in the Classroom: Learning through a design challenge
- Global Teacher Prize blog: Kiran Bir Sethi: Empowering Students with Design Thinking
- KQED News: How to Apply Design Thinking in Class, Step By Step
NGSS Disciplinary Core Ideas (Grades 6-8)
MS-ESS3.C: Human Impacts on Earth System
NGSS Science and Engineering Practices (Grades 6-8)
- Defining and Delimiting Engineering Problems
- Developing Possible Solutions
- Optimizing the Design Solution
Humans depend on water, and our need for this precious resource is growing alongside our population. How will we meet the needs of the future without harming the environment? In this unit, we'll explore environmental issues related to our water use, and learn how simple choices we make impact our planet.
Browse All Materials:
- Activity: Your Hidden Water Footprint
- Activity: Exploring Our Growing Need for Water
- Activity: Rapid Brainstorming: How Can We Conserve Our Water Resources?
- Activity: Sustainable Water Solutions: Weighing the Pros and Cons
- Activity: Fresh Solutions: Design Thinking Challenge [you are here]