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Learn about the fish that call our Reef Lagoon home. Rays are part of a group of fish called elasmobranchs, whose skeletons are made of soft, flexible cartilage, while the other fish in the lagoon are teleosts, or bony fishes.

 

Cownose ray

Cownose ray, or Rhinoptera javanica

Rhinoptera javanica

Status: Near threatened

Diet: Clams, oysters, and other invertebrates

Reproduction: Ovoviviparous—rays produce eggs that remain inside the mother’s body until they hatch, resulting in a live birth

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Blue-spotted ribbontail ray

Blue-spotted ribbontail ray, or Taeniura lymma

Taeniura lymma

Status: Near threatened

Diet: mollusks, worms, shrimp, clams

Reproduction: Ovoviviparous

 

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Honeycomb ray

Honeycomb ray, or Himantura uarnak

Himantura uarnak

Status: Vulnerable

Diet: Crabs, shrimps, bivalves, gastropods, worms, jellyfish and bony fishes

Reproduction: Viviparous

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Bluespotted stingray

Bluespotted stingray, or Neotrygon kuhlii

Neotrygon kuhlii

Status: Data deficient

Diet: shrimp, crabs

Reproduction: Ovoviviparous

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Moon wrasse (or Lunar Wrasse)

Moon wrasse

Thalassoma lunare

Status: Least concern

Diet: Benthic invertebrates and fish eggs

Reproduction: Diandric (individuals change sex from female to male), oviparous

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Diamond fish (or Mono)

Diamond fish

​Monodactylus argenteus

Status: Not yet assessed

Diet: Plankton and detritus

Reproduction: Broadcast spawners—Males and females shed gametes into the water, where fertilization occurs.

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Convict surgeon

Convict surgeon

Acanthurus triostegus

Status: Least concern

Diet: Benthic algae

Reproduction: Oviparous broadcast spawners; found in large groups (up to several hundred) that exhibit mass spawning behavior

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Copperband butterflyfish

Copperband butterflyfish

Chelmon rostratus

Status: Least concern

Diet: Benthic invertebrates, which it finds in rock cervices with its elongated snout

Reproduction: Oviparous

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Blackstriped angelfish

Lamarck’s pygmy angelfish

Genicanthus lamarck

Status: least concern

Diet: zooplankton

Reproduction: Sexually dimorphic; males larger, have lyre-shaped tail fins and are more colorful than females.

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Indian pompano

Indian pompano

Trachinotus mookalee

Status: Not yet assessed

Diet: Small fishes and crustaceans

Reproduction: Broadcast spawners​

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Longnose butterflyfish

Longnose butterflyfish

Forcipiger flavissimus

Status: Least concern

Diet: Wide variety of animal prey, prefers tube feet of echinoderms, pedicilaria of sea urchins, and polychaete tentacles

Reproduction: Oviparous. Longnose butterflyfish also form monogamous pairs for life, an unusual behavior in the fish world.

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Bluestreak damselfish

Bluestreak damselfish

Neoglyphidodon oxyodon

Status: Not evaluated

Diet: zooplankton, algae

Reproduction: Oviparous. Males and females pair off during breeding.

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Photo Credits

Blue-spotted ribbontail ray; Photo by Jens PetersenCC BY via Wikimedia Commons
Honeycomb ray; Photo by Steven WallingCC BY via Wikimedia Commons
​Bluespotted stingray: Photo by Bernard DupontCC BY via Wikimedia Commons
Moon wrasse, Monos photos by Richard Ling | CC BY
​Copperband butterflyfish photo by Ruben UndheimCC BY
​Bluestreak damselfish, Longnose butterflyfish, Convict surgeon photos by briangratwicke | CC BY
​Lamarck's pygmy angelfish photo by pacificklaus | CC BY

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